Osteoarthritis

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by celestegeorgia
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage in one or more joints. Cartilage is composed of 65 to 80 percent water, collagen (fibrous proteins), proteoglycans (proteins and sugars which interweave with collagen), and chondrocytes (cells that produce cartilage). Cartilage is a hard but slippery tissue between the bones of joints, allowing the bones to glide over one another. When cartilage loss occurs, the joint can deteriorate to the point of rubbing bone against bone. Changes in structures around the joint (muscles and tendons), fluid accumulation, and bony overgrowth can develop, causing severe chronic pain, loss of mobility, and disability. The disease can affect joints in the:•fingers•hips•knees•feet•spine

What is Osteoarthritis?

What causes Osteroarthritis?

Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that permits nearly frictionless joint motion. In osteoarthritis, the slick surface of the cartilage becomes rough. Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, you may be left with bone rubbing on bone.

Osteoarthritis symptoms often develop slowly and worsen over time. *Pain. Your joint may hurt during or after movement.*Tenderness. Your joint may feel tender when you apply light pressure to it.*Stiffness. Joint stiffness may be most noticeable when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity.*Loss of flexibility. You may not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.*Grating sensation. You may hear or feel a grating sensation when you use the joint.*Bone spurs. These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, may form around the affected joint.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:

Treatments for Osteoarthritis:

MedicationsOsteoarthritis symptoms may be helped by certain medications, including:•Acetaminophen. •Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Exercising and achieving a healthy weight are the best and most important ways to treat osteoarthritis. Your doctor also may suggest:•Physical therapy. •Occupational therapy.•Braces or shoe inserts. Surgical and other proceduresIf conservative treatments don't help, you may want to consider procedures such as:•Cortisone shots.•Lubrication injections. •Realigning bones. •Joint replacement.

Prevention for Osteoarthritis:

You can take steps to help prevent osteoarthritis. If you already have arthritis, these same steps may keep it from getting worse.•Stay at a healthy weight or lose weight if you need to. •Be active

Exercises for Osteoarthritis:

*Range of motion or flexibility exercises*Aerobic/endurance exercise*Strengthening exercises*Walking*Aquatic (water) exercises

12 Best foods for Osteoarthritis:

*Fish*Soybeans*Extra Virgin Olive Oil*Cherries*Low Fat Dairy Products*Broccoli*GreenTea*Citrus Fruits*Wole Grains*Beans*Garlic*Nuts


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