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by HaerleHS2P3
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Osteoarthritis is the most frequent form of arthritis. It is caused when the cartilage at the ends of the bones wear down over time.

Symptoms: ~Pain: during/after movement~Tenderness: when light pressure is applied~Stiffness: after a period of inactivity~Loss of Flexibility: inability to move joint full range of motion~Grating Sensation: feel or hear this during use of joint~Bone Spurs: extra bits of bones forming around the joint

Primary cause: deterioration of the articular cartilage that cushions the joints. The slick cartilage may even possibly wear down completely.


Most commonly takes a toll on: hand joints, knee joints, hips and spine

TREATMENT: -Medications: Acetaminophen (Tylenol), Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) - These are pain relievers and work to reduce inflammation to different degress. -Therapy: Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, braces or shoe inserts, a chronic pain class - These types of treatment help a patient manage their level of osteoarthritis pain. -Procedures: cortisone shots, lubrication injections, realigning bones, joint replacement - These procedures usually serve as a "go to" if other treatments don't help or aren't as effective.

Career Connections: Rheumatologist - After going through extensive educational years, rheumatologists specialize in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of rheumatic diseases such as Osteoarthritis. They are certified physicians who assess the case, analyze the patients' tests, determine the patients' understanding and comfortability with the situation, and decide on a form of treatment. Their education requires the four undergraduate years of college, four years of medical school (the last two including a "shadowing" process), and three years of residency.


Visit this hyperlink: http://www.medicinenet.com/audio/doctorsonhealth/rp_vol4_osteoarthritisknee.mp3to hear an audio of Dr. William Shiel speaking about osteoarthritis!


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