Orthopedic Injuries

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Orthopedic Injuries

Orthopedic InjuriesCarolina Prudencio, Jennifer Calle, Germanya Mejia

OverviewAn EMT can expect to find fractures, sprains, dislocations, and strains. Some fractures can become life-threatening.

Assessment/Management 1. Scene Size-Up2. Primary Assessment - Secure/maintain open airway - High 02 concentration, NRB. 3. Control bleeding/treat for Shock.- Use sterile dressing, apply pressure. 4. Apply a splint. **Apply cold pack if there is swelling.**5. Transport patient in position of comfort.

Sources: http://emt.emszone.com/docs/CH29_AEC_Table.pdf

Long Bone Injury- air splints, padded board splintsIsolated Femoral fractures- traction splintClavicle and Shoulder- Sling and swathe

PhysiologyOrtho trauma usually involves the muscular (strained muscles) and (broken bones) skeletal system. Types of Injuries: Strain- muscle is pulled or torn.Sprain- occurs at joint, ligament is stretched/torn. Dislocation- bone is displaced from normal joint. Fractures- broken bones.Closed fracture- broken bone does not break through skin. Open fracture- broken bone causing skin to break.

AnatomyMuscular system made up of three muscles: voluntary, involuntary, and cardiac.Tendons- connect muscle to bone.Ligaments- connect bone to bone.The following are bones that can be fractured/dislocated:Upper Extremities Lower Extr. Humerus FemurElbow TibiaForearm FibulaWrist Ankle Knee


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