Oral Language & Language Development

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by grettoo
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Oral Language & Language Development

Oral language: "An interactive process of speaking and listening for various purposes: to communicate, to learn, and to socialize" (Scholastic, 2009). "The single most important element in realising the integrated language learning experience envisaged in the English curriculum" (1999).

What is Oral Language?

"Imagine a world, in which there was no language; a world which had no labels for the things we see, or the emotions we feel; a world of silence in which you had no means of expressing what you felt or thought; a world ofisolation and misunderstanding- Coustley

Additional Resources

"Children need parents to be their reading role models with daily practice in order to navigate successfully through beginning literacy skills"- Edutopia (Burton, 2013)What can Parents do?1.Point to each word as they read.2. Ask the child probing questions after reading each book.3. Encourgage the child to draw pictures to help make connections and facilitate creativity.4. Parent can bring energy and excitement when reading to their child. 5. Read the title and ask the child to make a prediction.


Consider This! Parent Involvement

Why is it important to student literacy development?

English Language LearnersStudents learning the English language will be spoken to using basic words and sentences as a way of communication. In order to maximize their learning, the addition of pictures, songs and role play can be used as an teaching aid. This allows students to associate text with other relatable representations.

Teaching Oral Language: Strategies

Oral Language and Language Development are critical to a student's literacy development for many reasons. These two components help contribute to the development of vocabulary and they set the basic foundation for all other learning. It provides children with the ability to communicate their ideas, opinons and/or feelings. A student's level of communication will vary based on several factors, it is important that children follow appropriate language methods when speaking. Attaining this skills relies heavily on the classroom teacher. The teacher is responsible for incorporating strategies in the classroom that promote literacy development through oral communication. According to Vygotsky (1978), children formulate language rules and conventions from models they observe intheir social environments. Providing opportunities for social experienecs in the classroom helps to further translate these skills outside of the classroom as well.

1) Word Wall2) Group Work/Elbow Partners3) Read/Think Aloud4) Story Sequencing5) Learning Centres6) Role-play

There are several teaching strategies that teachers can implement in the classroom to help facilitate oral language and development:1. Word Wall: In order for children to familiarize themselves with certian words, post a word wall in the classroom. The children can help create the word wall with words they often use. 2. Group Work: Encourages collaboration and the sharing of ideas. It is one of the most effective ways to promote interaction and social growth.3. Re-telling: Role play is an engaging activity that encourages students to re-tell a story's main idea. This will help demonstrate their understanding and the sequence of events within a story.4. Create Situations: Provide children with the opportunity to make predictions. Creating situations where they are representing a point of view of a character allows them to make inferences and intepret feelings and facial expressions.5. Read Aloud: Read a story to the class each morning. Once the story has been read, ask the children questions based on either the setting, characters or plot of the story. This will encourage oral communication, their responses will help promote further discussion as well.6. Singing Songs:Promotes the development of organization as well as recall of words and the aquistion of new words (vocabulary).

An episode clip from the television show "Arthur." This show encouages the development of oral language and vocabulary. Using this clip can help aid in the instruction of vocabulary as well as with the acquistion of new words. Similar shows such as "Martha Speaks", "Dora the Explorer", "Magic School Bus" also can be used in the classroom.

Connections with Literature

Wonder Walls: http://www.disdubai.ae/uploaded/Secondary_Department_Files/T_L/Wonder_Wall_Activity.pdfELL's and Technologyhttp://www.edutopia.org/technology-software-english-language-learnersConversation Stationhttp://mrsobrienclassconnect.blogspot.ca/2012/02/conversation-station-anytime-oral.htmlBoard Games that Promote Language Learninghttp://kidworldcitizen.org/2015/01/18/board-games-promote-language-learning/

1. Teacher Table (Guided Reading)2. Work on Writing (rewrite words or letters around the class)3. Listen to Reading (Play book CD and follow along with words in the book)4. Read to Someone5. Word Work(crossword, matching exercises)6. Read to Self**rotate

Literacy Centers


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