Obsessive compulsive disorder

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by ChrisCorleone
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
12

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Obsessive compulsive disorder

Symptoms of OCD:Hand-Washing: (the most common obsession seen in OCD) The urge commonly accures from a fear of germs, but it also can be rooted in fears of making others sick or of being impure or immoral.Obsessive Cleaning: Like hand-washing, housecleaning is often a way of easing germaphobia or feelings of impurity. Although cleaning can help chase these obsessive thoughts away, the relief does not last, and the urge to clean is often even stronger the next time.Checking Behavior: This can be something as simple as returning to your car 3 or 4 times to make sure it is locked. Like other compulsive behaviors, checking can be driven by a variety of obsessions, ranging from a fear of getting hurt to deep-seated feelings of irresponsibility.Counting: Some people with OCD perform tasks according to a certain numeric pattern or count to themselves as they do everyday things (such as climbing stairs or cooking). This can sometimes be driven by superstitions. For example the number 13 brings bad luck because of the movie "friday the 13th".

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"OCD(obsessive compulsive disorder)"

-OCD can occur by the changes in your body's own natural chemistry or the functions working in the brain.-OCD could as well have a genetic component, but researchers havent identified the specific gene.- Researchers have found that several parts of the brain are involved in obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior, as well as fears and anxiety associated with them.

Course:

If untreated OCD will last as long as you make it. OCD is usually chronic and follows a waxing and waning course. Which means it can get better for months, even years but only to get worse again before returning to a lower level of severity. Stress can make OCD worse, but trying to eliminate all stress is unlikely to stop OCD. In fact, it is better for most people with OCD to keep busy.

Prevalence:

Approximately 2.2 million American adults age 18 and older, or about 1.0 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have OCD. The first symptoms of OCD often begin during childhood or adolescence, however, the median age of onset is 19. From a large survey suggest that 2 to 3 percent of the population (roughly five million Americans) may suffer from OCD at some point during their lifetimes. One in 40 adults and one in 200 children suffer from OCD at some point in their lives.

Etiology:

Treatment Options:

Treatment includes a combination of professional counseling and medicines. The earlier you seek the treatment the better; early treatment of OCD can reduce symptoms and reduce the disruption of the illness. A type of cognitive-behavioral therapy called "exposure and response prevention" is the most effective type of counseling for OCD. With exposure and response prevention therapy, you repeatedly expose yourself to an obsession, and deny yourself the compulsive act. Therapists often combine exposure and response prevention therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy to help overcome the faulty beliefs (such as fear of contamination) that lead to OCD behaviors. Your doctor may first prescribe an antidepressant called a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). You may start to feel better within 1 to 3 weeks after you start taking an SSRI, but it can take as many as 12 weeks to see more improvement. Your doctor may increase the dosage of your medicine or change to another SSRI if the first medicine prescribed doesn't help.

Case Study:

Hand-Washing

Obsessive Cleaning

Checking Behavior

Counting


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