Obesity

In Glogpedia

by saravillaverde156781d3ff265d
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

Toggle fullscreen Print glog
Obesity

OBESITY

What causes obesity?

What are the consequences of being obese?

• Behavioral Factors (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)•Food Choices (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)-Consumption of high-calorie foods, meals that have a low nutritional value, and large portions (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)•Amount of Physical Activity (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)-Lack of exercise to counteract the large amounts of calories consumed (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)-Sedentary lifestyle (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)-Replacing physical activities with technology for convenience (Obesity Action Coalition 2015)• Environmental Factors (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2012)-Lack of resources for recreation (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2012)- Busy schedules that do not allow time for exercise (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2012)-Lack of access to healthy foods (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2012)-Advertising of high-fat, high-calorie, high- sugar foods (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2012)

• Low quality of life (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Mortality (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Illness• Metabolic Syndrome (The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute 2012)• Type 2 Diabetes (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015) • Hypertension (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Coronary Heart disease (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015) • Stroke (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Gallbladder disease (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015) • Cancer (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• High LDL Cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, and Dyslipidemia (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015) • Osteoarthritis (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Sleep apnea and other respiratory issues (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Mental illness (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 2015)• Reproductive Issues (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health 2015)

• Prevention• Obesity is prevented by maintaining a healthy weight (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute n.d.)-The amount of energy you take in from food and drinks should balance the energy you expend on things like physical activity, digestion, and respiration (The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute n.d.)• Treatment• Obesity is treated in a number of different ways. All strategies should focus on consuming fewer calories than the body needs, engaging in more physical activity, and maintaining healthy habits (American Heart Association 2015)- A weight loss plan should be crafted by the physician and patient. There is no magic diet to include in the weight loss plan. Rather, the diet should complement the patient’s dietary preferences and medical needs (American Heart Association 2015)-Exercise will help patients maintain weight loss (American Heart Association 2015)- Bariatric surgery should be considered for obese patients who have one or more obesity-related health complication (American Heart Association 2015)-There are three types of surgical procedures that can be explored: restrictive, malabsorptive, and mixed (Frühbeck 2015)

ReferencesAmerican Heart Association (2015). Treating Obesity as a disease. Retrieved from: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/WeightManagement/Obesity/Treating-Obesity-as-a-Disease_UCM_459557_Article.jsp#Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2015). Adult Obesity Causes and Consequences. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes.htmlFrühbeck, G. (2015). Bariatric and metabolic surgery: a shift in eligibility and success criteria. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 11. 465-477. Retrieved from: http://www.nature.com/nrendo/journal/v11/n8/full/nrendo.2015.84.htmlHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (2015). Obesity Prevention Source. Retrieved from: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-consequences/health-effects/#referencesMayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (2015). Obesity. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/obesity/basics/definition/con-20014834National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2009). Finding Balance. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/cdctv/healthyliving/healthyeating/finding-balance-obesity.htmlObesity Action Coalition (2015). What is obesity? Retrieved from: http://www.obesityaction.org/understanding-obesity/obesityOxford University Press. (2015). Obesity more dangerous than lack of fitness, new study claims. ScienceDaily. Retrieved from: www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151221071513.htmThe National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (n.d.). Aim for a Healthy Weight. Retrieved from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/index.htmThe National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2012). What are the health risks of overweight and obesity? Retrieved from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/risksThe National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2012). What causes overweight and obesity? Retrieved from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/causesThe National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2015). What is metabolic syndrome? Retrieved from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms

Where can I learn more?

How is obesity prevented and treated?

Did you know?Obesity is characterized by an excessive amount of body fat, and diagnosed by Body Mass Index (BMI) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research 2015). Dividing an individual’s weigh in kilograms by their height in meters squared will yield BMI (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research 2015). A BMI of 30+ is defined as obese (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research 2015).

Explore!Hover over the right side of the text boxes to use the scroll bar in order to access all the information on each side of the pamphlet.

Check it out!Read about Obesity in the news: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151221071513.htm

Click on the paperclip above to download a paper version of this brochure.


Comments

    There are no comments for this Glog.