Nuremberg Trials

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by jlynn223
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
10

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Nuremberg Trials

Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials lasted from 1945, the end of World War II, to 1949. These trials helped to expose the evils of the Holocaust during WWII and punish people who committed horrible crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

Held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany

Adolf Hitler was in power in Germany during WWII and commanded the killings of innocent people. He committed suicide toward the end of the war and was not present at the trials. Others who were supposed to be present fled to different countries such as the US.

"NurembergACCOUNT." NurembergACCOUNT. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.Gascon, Steffi. "Hermann Goering's Hearing at Nuremberg." Hermann Goering's Hearing at Nuremberg. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014."The Nuremberg Trials." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.Baldur von Schirach

"I had no reason to be anti-Semitic...until someone made me read the American book, The International Jew, at the impressionable age of 17. You have no idea what a great influece this book had on the thinking of German youth...At the age of 18, I met Adolf Hitler. I must admit I was inspired by him...and became one of his staunchest supporters." (10/27/45) -Baldur von Schirach, a Hitler Youth Leader

Some people admitted to their crimes while other claimed that they were just following orders. The people who suffered the worse punishments were directly involved in killings.

Men who were hanged at the end of the Nuremberg Trials

Hermann Goering committed suicide after finding that he would be put to death by hanging saying, "I would have had no objection to being shot. However, I will not facilitate execution of Germany's Reichsmarschall by hanging! For the sake of Germany, I cannot permit this. Moreover, I feel no moral obligation to submit to my enemies' punishment. For this reason, I have chosen to die like the great Hannibal." Goering put a cyanide pill into his mouth and died on October 15, 1949, the day before his scheduled execution.

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21 Nazi supporters were in court for the trails. 11 were sentenced to death by hanging, but only 8 were hanged. 2 aquitted and the others were sentenced anwhere from 10 years to life in prison.


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