Nuclear Energy

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by natawapa
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Nuclear Energy

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How does this energy work?

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Where is it used?

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NUCLEAR ENERGY

The nuclear energy is obtained through the manipulation of the atoms. This energy is obtained as a way of heat and it's used to create electricity by nuclear power plants although there are many other applications of it. There are two types of nuclear energy:-Nuclear fission, which is obtained by dividing nuclei.-Nuclear fussion, that can be obtained by joining two atoms.

Sixteen countries depend on nuclear power for at least a quarter of their electricity. France gets around three-quarters of its power from nuclear energy, while Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovenia and Ukraine get one-third. South Korea and Bulgaria normally get more than 30% of their power from it, while in the USA, UK, Spain, Romania and Russia almost one-fifth is from nuclear. Japan uses more than one-quarter of its electricity and is expected to return to that level. Among countries which do not host nuclear power plants, Italy and Denmark get almost 10% of their power from nuclear.

A current nuclear power plant construction costs 4,000 million euros per gigawatt of power installed. It operates 24 hours a day but sometimes the production level is lowest than normal. We can obtain the average production of a core of 1 GW ( 1 GW multiplying by 7423 hours/year), it would be 7,423 gigawatt hours per year, That's the total energy transferred to the grid and which we consume .

·Geographical limitations: Nuclear power plants don't require a lot of space.·Any contribution to global warming: It do not produce smoke particles to pollute the atmosphere or emit gases that contibute to acid rain.· The most concentrated form of energy: This reduces transport costs.·Reliable: It does not depend on the weather.·No greenhouse gases: While nuclear energy does have some emissions, the plant itself does not give off greenhouse gases.

·Disposal of nuclear waste is very expensive: As it is radioactive it has to be disposed of in such a way as it will not pollute the environment.·Raw material: Uranium is used, so special precautions must be taken, as well as the storing of any waste product to prevent it from giving off harmful levels of radiation.·Water pollutant: While measures are taken to ensure that no radiation is being pumped into the environment, other pollutants can go out of the chamber. The heat given off by the water can also be damaging to eco systems located nearby the reactor.

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