Northern Ireland timeline

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by mauddemeu
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
10,11,12

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Northern Ireland timeline

Timeline: Northern Ireland

1968-69 :Catholics protest discrimination in voting rights, housing and unemployment.

1971, AugustGunner Robert Curtis is killed by machine gun fire and becomes the first British soldier to die in Northern Ireland.

1972, Jan. 30After a civil rights march, British soldiers shoot dead 14 Catholic demonstrators in the Northern Ireland city of Londonderrya day dubbed "Bloody Sunday."The British government disbands the Northern Ireland parliament March 30 and imposes direct rule.On "Bloody Friday" in July, several bombs explode, killing nine people and injuring many others.

1973-74 :Under the Sunningdale Agreement, a coalition government is formed but collapses after a Protestant strike and controversy over power-sharing issues. Direct rule resumes.

BACKGROUND :“The Troubles” refers to a period of about three decades of violent conflict between Northern Ireland’s nationalist community (who mainly self-identified as Irish and/or Roman Catholic and sought to be a part of the Republic of Ireland) and its unionist community (who mainly self-identified as British and/or Protestant and sought to remain a part of the United Kingdom).

CAUSES: Catholics in Northern Ireland claimed discrimination in voting rights, housing and employment, while Protestants feared movements to consolidate Northern Ireland with Ireland.

1981 : IRA prisoner Bobby Sands begins a hunger strike in Maze Prison near Belfast to protest his status as an ordinary criminal instead of recognition as a political prisoner. He dies after his 66th day of fasting; nine other republican prisoners go on a hunger strike and die.

1969, the Irish Republican Army splits into the Official IRA and the hardline Provisionals. Britain sends in troops to help quell the civil unrest.

1971, Troops arrest hundreds who are imprisoned without trial, which triggers more violence and political unrest.


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