Non-jewish victims of the holocaust

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by teachmsa
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
8

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Non-jewish victims of the holocaust

Non-Jewish Victims of the Holocaust

All of the people who were persecuted by the Nazis were targeted because of their religious beliefs, race, and social behavior. These groups included homosexuals, Gypsies, the physically and mentally handicapped, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Jews. Many people who research the Holocaust assume that the Jewish population was the only minority to be condemned by the Nazis, but this assumption is false. Eleven million people were killed during the Holocaust, and out of that, five million were not Jewish. The disabled were one of the main groups to be targeted by the Nazis. In September 1939, Adolph Hitler developed a special program called T-4, whose purpose was to kill off all of the handicapped people. The term “disabled” mainly covered alcoholics, epileptics, psychopaths, disabled children, and people who suffered from cancer. The first 5,000 victims of this program were babies and children who suffered from Down Syndrome. By 1940, there were at least six killing centers for the disabled within Germany and Austria. Between 1940 and 1941, approximately 70,300 disabled people were murdered at these centers. Another group that was targeted by the Nazis was Jehovah’s Witnesses. Germans defined them as “poor idiots who were happy in their own way” (Rudolf Hess, “Non Jewish Victims”). Unlike the Jews, many of these people were given the opportunity to live by changing their religion, but most of them did not. Around 19,300 Jehovah’s Witnesses were living in Germany in April 1933. Of these, approximately 10,000 were arrested and 4,500 were executed. Over 1,500 Jehovah’s Witnesses died in concentration camps. Lastly, the third minority to be targeted by the Nazis were the Roma Gypsies. Germans believed that the Gypsies were “racially inferior and degenerate and therefore worthless” (“The Holocaust: Non-Jewish Victims”). In 1939, 20,000 Gypsies from 11 different countries were deported to Auschwitz. Gypsy children had to go through the painful and uncomfortable medical experiments of Dr. Josef Mengele. Most of the Eastern European Gypsy population was killed. To conclude, the Nazis targeted anyone who was not of the master Aryan race. In total, about 200,000-500,000 Gypsies, 70,000-250,000 disabled citizens, and 5,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses were murdered during the Holocaust. It is evident that not only the Jewish people were targeted by the Nazis, but anybody who was not of the “perfect race.”

Zoe Saben

“Be proud of your people when you don't have to be ashamed of any it's social class” - Adolf Hitler

The above photograph shows a list of all the different identification badges for each social class in the concentration camps.Black: The Disabled Pink: Sexual OffendersBrown: Roma GypsiesPurple: Jehovah's Witnesses

The picture above is of a group of Roma Gypsies at Belzec Camp, awaiting instructions.The Belzec Camp used gas chambers that released carbon monoxide to exterminate the Gypsies and other minority victims.

Above is a photograph of four disabled children in the Schönbrunn Psychiatric Hospital. They are in the T-4 program, which means that they will soon be put to death for being disabled.

"We believe that the Fuhrer is fulfilling a divine mission to German destiny! This belief is beyond challenge."- Rudolf Hess

The picture to the right is of a group of over 30 Jehovah's Witnesses. They were prisoners at the Niederhagen Camp, and are awaiting excecution or to go and work for an SS man.

Life in Concentration Camps

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Comments

  • teachmsa 6 years ago

    teachmsa's avatar

    Very nice layout. Good work with the neutral colors.

  • teachmsa 6 years ago

    teachmsa's avatar

    great song

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