Nile Religions and Deities

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by christenfields3
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
Ancient History

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Nile Religions and Deities

The Egyptians believed that their religion was very important to the survival of the Nile. The Egyptians used stories about their gods to explain events in nature.They believed the Sun was a god. Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic. Each god had a different responsibility. The Egyptians had as many as 2000 gods and goddesses.

Source of Religion

Nile Religions & Deities

According to the Egyptians version of creation, they believe that only the primordial waters existed at first. Then Ra, the sun, came out of a flower that appeared on the surface of the water. Ra brought forth four children, the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut. Shu and Tefnut became the atmosphere. They stood on Geb, who became the earth, and raised up Nut, who became the sky. Ra ruled over all.


The Egyptians had a theocracy government. The Egyptians considered the pharaoh to be Horus in human form. The pharaoh was a living god on earth and therefore a powerful figure as a mediator between the gods and the common people. The priests in were also very powerful. When things were good, the people thought the pharoah and priests were doing their job, but when things got bad they blamed them.


Hapi was the god of the Nile. People worshipped him above Re. He was a fertility god because he is over bringing food and water to the land.

Ra was the sun god of Ancient Egypt. He was described as the creator of everything. When Ra was combined with Amun, they were then called Amun-Ra.

Horus was among the most important gods of Egypt. He is the sky god.The kings of Egypt associated themselves with Horus. Horus bestowed divinity on the pharaohs.

Amun was one of the eight ancient Egyptian gods who formed the Ogdoad of Hermopolis. At the height of Egyptian civilization he was called the 'King of the Gods'.

Narmer was a ruler of Egypt. He is credited with uniting Egypt and becoming the first king of Upper and Lower Egypt. Narmer is recorded as the first Pharaoh.

Burial Ritual

"Hail Atum- who made the sky,who created that which exists... Lord of all that is, who gave birth to the gods!"- Book of the Dead, Spell 79

"Secret of development but glittering of forms,wonderfulgod of many developments, All gods boast in him, in order to magnify themselves in his perfection."- Papyrus Leiden I 350, trns. by James Allen

"The King sits with those who row the bark of Re, The king commands what is good and he does it, For the king is the great god"- Pyramid Texts, Spell 274


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