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Social Studies
World History

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Laws and policies on taxation, public works, labour,mining, and agriculture were enforced in order to westernize minority groups and assimilate them. Britain believed they were superior than the African colonies. They had Africans as slaves and needed to be “civilized”. The British said they intended to bring commerce, civilization, and Christianity.

Social Aspects

Economic Aspects

There were many factors promoting Britain’s imperialism. The Industrial Revolution gave Britain the ability to colonize Nigeria. Nigeria was an ideal location because of its raw material and new markets. The idea of social Darwinism was an influence in imperialism in Nigeria. Also the development of the railroad was a major influence on how the country operated because they needed people to work on the development railroad. This changed the way that Nigeria operated because before it was colonized they had no economy, government and relied mainly on hunting and trading, But after their whole system changed. They had currency, all towns and cities ran very similar, there were government leaders and politicians.

The Colonial Experience

Nigeria became independent from the UK on Oct.1, 1960. Nigeria had many diverse ethnic groups and the British tried to combine the groups and territories. A government formed after Nigeria became a country. There was a war that broke out.

The legacy of imperialism in Nigeria has lead to many civil wars and genocides. The British used racial differences to their advantage which had left a lot of bloodshed and racism. They had one of the smallest economy in the world, but they sated Nigeria is doing very well economically, It is ranked as the 21th largest economy by GDP(gross domestic product). Nigeria is the most populated and has the largest economy in Africa. Also there have been many technological, education, and medical advances which have made Nigeria much better.

Legacy in Nigeria

The Road to Inderpendance

Before Nigeria was colonized there was no economy, there were tribes and they survived by hunting and trading. The beliefs were mainly Islam and other tribal religions. Nigeria was divided into territories that each developed in their own way. There was also no government, there were towns and villages that were run by elders.


The slave trade was one of the major causes for colonization in Nigeria. Britain was interested primarily in opening markets for its manufactured goods in West Africa. Britain focused on exploiting raw materials, minerals, and food which was important to Western industrial development. Britain tried to encourage tropical export crops in Nigeria. There were many developments such as the railroad network and exchange of goods which encouraged export trade in tin, cotton, cocoa, groundnuts, and palm oil. Britain maintained its economic superiority over the colonies through military power, alliances, and strategic plans.

Imperialism in Nigeria

Britain took over Nigeria in 1885. In 1901 Nigeria became a part of the British empire and became a British protectorate. Britain used and took many people from Africa to be slaves which gave Britain power and superiority. Britain was the major transporter of slaves to America but it later withdrew from the slave trade because of the slave trade act which prevented British subjects from participating in slave trade.

Political Aspects

Bibleography Encyclopedia of the Nations- Gale Research Inc.





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