Nietzsche

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Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Röcken, near Germany on October 15, 1844. He lived with his father, a Lutheran pastor, his mother, brother and sister. His father and brother soon died. Nietzsche attended many prestigious schools throughout his youth including the colleges he attended, the University of Bonn and the University of Leipzig. Through out this college experience Schopenhauer’s writings were a significant inspiration for Nietzsche’s philosophies and poetry. He became professor of classical philology at Basel in 1869. Nietzsche and Wagner were friends and brainstorming partners, in the later years they became strong opponents. Nietzsche resigned as chair in 1879. He lived mainly in Switzerland and Italy when he wasn't staying with his mother. In 1889 Nietzsche had a mental breakdown and was admitted into a mental institution, but spent the remainder of his life in his mother's care. When she died his sister, Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche took care and advantage of him. She published many works by him as well as passed off his philosophies in support of the Nazi party. He died from syphilis and a stroke on the 25th of August 1900. Nietzsche never married and before he died denounced all religion and clung mainly on to his philosophies on “the morals of masters”.

Accomplishments

October 15, 1844- born in Röcken, near Germany. 1869 - Became Chair of philosophy at the University of Basel.1879- Resigned as Chair due to health issues.1883- Thus Spoke Zarathustra (most significant publication) 1888- Final lucid year, most productivity(Ecce Homo, The Case of Wagner, Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist)1889- Mental breakdown, became insane.1897- Mother died, is taken under sister’s(younger) careAugust 25, 1900- died in Weimar, Germany from syphilis and a stroke.

Wrote Thus Spoke Zarathustra(four volumes) in 1883Graduated Schulpforta in 1864Became professor of classical philosophy in 1869Famous statement “God is dead” 1882 Nietzsche’s ideas on individuality, morality and the meaning of existence contributed to many other significant philosophers. (Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault; Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, Thomas Mann and Hermann Hesse)

Lasting Impact

a. In my opinion, the most significant work by Friedrich Nietzsche, is Thus Spoke Zarathustra(1883). I believe this because this particular literary piece has four volumes as well as the fact that although when first published it was far from well known or even well liked but in the years after his death it inspired many philosophers with the writing about the will to power, the overman and eternal recurrence.b. Most of Nietzsche’s work wasn't appreciated until after his death, many of his novels were given bad criticisms by the majority. As well as he became mentally insane therefore many professionals thought this literary works weren’t reliable. c. The philosophies of Nietzsche cause people to have a more secular view as well as think about morality and individualism more. As well as many more philosophers have stemmed and developed their own philosophies from Nietzsche as inspiration. Although Nietzsche was German he is universally known and admired for his classical genius.

Works Cited

Barnett, Dan, and Barnett Dan. "Friedrich Nietzsche." World Philosophers & Their Works (2000): 1. Biography Reference Center. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. Explain Like I'm Five: Existentialism and Friederich Nietzsche. Dir. Jared Neumark. reddit, Youtube. Web. 6 June 2014. ."Friedrich Nietzsche." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2014 Friedrich Nietzsche on Master and Slave Morality. HourOfDecision777's channel, 16 Oct. 2007. Youtube. Web. 6 June 2014. .Friedrich Nietzsche. imagenpolitica. Web. 6 June 2014. .Maroufi, Chogollah, and Maroufi Chogollah. "Friedrich Nietzsche." Cyclopedia Of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition(2003): 1. Biography Reference Center. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.Nietzsche. Monopol. Web. 6 June 2014. .Nietzsche . Ulbra-to. Web. 6 June 2014. .Old Nietzsche. Wordpress. Web. 6 June 2014. .Old Nietzsche. Wikimedia. Web. 6 June 2014. .Old Nietzsche . Wikimedia . Web. 6 June 2014. .Simon Critchley Examines Friedrich Nietzsche. Dir. Bjg Think. Youtube. Web. 6 June 2014. .Young Nietzsche. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopaedias. Web. 6 June 2014. .

Nietzsche

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“The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently” ― Friedrich Nietzsche


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