New York City, NY

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by tcouvillion218
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography

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New York City, NY

New York City is known as a center of finance, entertainment, museums, sports and is one of the most vibrant cities in the world. First settled by Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524, New York City has become a destination for many immigrants hoping to start a new life. In 2014 New York City's population was estimated to be 8,491,079 (NYC Planning, 2014).The largest ethnic group in New York City is White (44%), followed by Hispanic (28.6%) and Black (25.5%); people that have graduated hight school is 79.8% while 34.5% have a Bachelor's Degree or higher, the median household income is $52,259 and 20.3% of people are living below the poverty line (Quickfacts, 2015). Life expectancy in New York City is 81.1 years which is higher than the national 78.8 years (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2015).

NEW YORK CITY, NY

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Secondhand smoke, even brief exposure can be harmful. Children, pregnant women and those with chronic diseases are most vulnerable to exposure. Secondhand smoke can lead to risk of lung cancer, heart disease, COPD, ear infections in children, more frequent and severe asthma attacks and sudden infant death syndrome. In 2002, New York City became one of the first cities to enact a smoke-free air act which prohibited smoking in workplaces including restaurants and bars (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2015). New York City saw a steady decline in smoking rates over the next decade. However since 2013, smoking rates have been increasing. Smoking is the nation’s leading cause of preventable illness and is a community health problem in New York City that is on the rise.

According to Duaso and Duncan (2012) over 70% of smokers visit health professionals each year. The community health nurse is in an excellent position to discuss smoking cessation and offer education, support and organizations to help people quit smoking and reduce secondhand smoke. Each patient a community health nurse sees should be asked about smoking and given smoking cessation education and service programs when appropriate. In New York City this includes individual or group support, free medications and online support. The goal is to help people quit smoking and cope with the withdrawal. The community health nurse would educate patients on how to deal with increased appetite/weight gain by increasing exercise and eating a healthy diet, relaxation exercise to help with insomnia, breathing exercises to help with irritability and suggestions of yoga or meditation for anxiety. Information on the many smoking cessations resources should be provided to patients.

Vulnerable Population – Homeless ChildrenAccording to the Institute for Children, Poverty and Homelessness the number of homeless kids in public city schools has increased by 63% from 2009 to 2014 in New York City (Couch, 2014). Many of these children are living in family shelters while some do not have caregiver supervision. This is extremely dangerous both physically and mentally for these children. Many are unable to continue with their education or receive the recommended healthcare check-ups. New York City has several programs in place to assist with homeless children. Homebase is a program designed to help families before they become homeless including services to prevent eviction, emergency rentals, relocation help, education and job placement as well as short term financial assistance. New York City also provides temporary emergency shelter to all who need it, every night and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides food for almost 1.8 million low-income New York City families. (Department of Homeless Services, 2015).


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