New Netherlands

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New Netherlands

Settlement of the Middle Colonies:New Netherland

ReligionThe Dutch Reformed Church, a Calvinist denomination, was predominant at first. However, from the beginning the colony was also a haven for religious minorities such as Huguenots (French Protestants), and Jews.

New Netherland was a colony founded by the Dutch on the east coast of North America in the seventeenth century, which vanished when the English wrested control of it in 1664, turning its capital, New Amsterdam, into New York City. It extended from Albany, New York, in the north to Delaware in the south. It encompassed parts of what are now the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Connecticut and Delaware.


Special :Not many Dutch were among the first colonists

Native American RelationsPart of the conflict with the Indians over land purchases stemmed from different views of the transactions. Indians viewed the land as community property which belonged to the entire tribe or band for their use in perpetuity. They did not view it as a commodity to be bought and sold. The Indians thus viewed land purchases as simply payments for temporary use, while the Dutch looked upon these as final sales. Conflict arose when the Indians demanded from the Dutch further payments or for them to vacate the land.

HousingFirst colonist lived in square pits, like cellars, covered in wood. Dutch homes had one or two rooms on the first floor, a smaller upper garret for storage, and a clock loft overhead. The outside doors were split horizontally. They slept in bed boxes, they could close them from the inside to protect from the cold night air. Many had a hast or large linen chest.source:

TRADEFur trade- fur was more than a luxury, it was a necessity. Beaver became very popular. The Dutch traders used wampum as a form of currency. Another important trade item was alcohol

Tasty TreatsBread, seeds for: grains, greens, vegetables and fruit, corn, and squash. European livestock: cows, horses, sheep, goats, and pigs. Type of bread they ate reflected wealth and status.Source:


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