[2015] Haley Shreve Maddie Miller: Neuroblastoma

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[2015] Haley Shreve Maddie Miller: Neuroblastoma

Neuroblasts are found in the fetus and normally turn into nerve cells, fibers, and cells that make up the adrenal glands. Although neuroblasts are to be matured by birth, some immature neuroblasts appear in newborns. Usually these neuroblasts go away, but occasionally they form into a tumor, known as a neuroblastoma.Age Range Affected: Children under age 10

Neuroblastoma

Symptoms vary depending on the affected area of the body. Symptoms include but are not limited to: Abdominal pain, painless lumps under skin, chest pain, decreased appetite, change in bowel habits, leg weakness and swelling, drooping eyelid, bone pain or soreness, inability to move a body part, and difficulty breathing.

By: Maddie Miller and Haley Shreve

Medical Treatments: Surgery to remove the tumor, various methods of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant, or immunotherapy. Home Remedies: According to various patients who have had neuroblastoma, changes in diet to a more organic based diet has seemed to aid with the healing process.

Diagnosis: Physical exam, urine and blood test, imaging tests, sample of tissue and/or bone marrow for testing

In the US, 800 new cases are diagnosed annually.

Effected Areas

Leg

Liver

Skin

Kidneys

Chest Region

Spinal Cord

Lymph Nodes

Eyes

Abdominal Region

Neuroblastoma accounts for 7 to10 percent of childhood cancers.

It is more common in boys than in girls.

Children under the age of one and are in the later stages of the disease are said to have “special” neuroblastoma, in which only one side of the body is affected.

Neuroblastoma is the most common tumor in infants younger than one, accounting for 50 percent of all cancers in infants.

Systems and Organs Affected: Adrenal glands, nerve tissues that follows the spinal cord, in the neck, chest, abdomen, or pelvis. In later stages, the cancer is known to spread to distant lymph nodes, bone, bone marrow, skin, and the liver.

This disease can be fatal, mainly in older children who were not diagnosed at an early age. According to St. Judes.org, the five year survival rate of children with neuroblastoma are as follows: approximately 95% for low-risk patients, between 80 and 90% for moderate-risk patients, and approximately 50% for high-risk patients.

The environment is not a factor of the occurrence of this disease because the number of neuroblastoma cases are approximately the same.

It is rare for neuroblastoma to be found using a fetal ultrasound. It is more commonly found at the appearance of a lump or tumor.

Cancer.orgKidshealth.orgStjude.orgMayoclinic.org


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