Nelson Mandela

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by asha0803
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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Nelson Mandela


Nelson Mandela was a South African politican and anti-apartheid revolutionary. He was the first black and democratically elected president of South-Africa. He was born July 18th, 1918 in Mvezo, a small village in Transkei. Mandela attented the Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand and studied law. When living in Johannesburg, he became involved with anti-colonial politics and joined the ANC. Nelson Mandela was married three times, had six children, 17 grandchildren, and many great-grandchildren. His first marriage was to Evelyn Ntoko Mase, his second, Winnie Madikizela and his last wife was Graça Machel.


1918 - Mandela is born in Mvezo1939 - Enters university1940 - Mandela is expelled from Fort Hare for activism 1944 - Co-founds ANC Youth League 1953 - Opens South-Africa's first black law practice 1956 - One of the 156 activists charged with high treason 1961 - Goes underground to form an armed wing 1964- Sentenced to life imprisonment 1990 - Released1993 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize 1994 - Elected first black president of South-Africa after ANC wins the election1999 - Steps down as presidentDec, 5, 2013 - Died at age 95

Mandela served 27 years in prison, despite being sentenced for a life time. An international campaign was held for his release and was finally granted in 1990, in the process of civil strife. He negotiated with the president F. W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and enact multiracial election in 1994. Most of his life, Mandela was a controversial figure, even declared as a communist terrorist by critics. Nonetheless, he has received 250 honors, the Nobel Peace Prize included.


The chart shows us South Africa's economic growth when Mandela was president 1994-99.


Nelson Mandela

Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize with F. W. de Klerk in 1993.

"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear."

"To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity."


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