Nazi Germany

by samhartley
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany

Adolf Hitler


The Kristallnacht, or "The Night of the Broken Glass," was the Nazi government’s response to the murder, on November 7th 1938, in Paris of Ernst von Rath, a diplomat in the German embassy in the city. Von Rath was murdered by Herschel Grynszpan, a young Jew and the Nazis used this as the excuse they needed in Nazi Germany to unleash a night of violence against the whole of the Jewish community within Germany.For more information, visit:

ReinHard Heydrich(left), and Himmler(right).

Hitler originally wanted to call his forthcoming book Viereinhalb Jahre (des Kampfes) gegen Lüge, Dummheit und Feigheit, or Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice. In Mein Kampf, Hitler uses the main thesis of "the Jewish peril," which speaks of an alleged Jewish conspiracy to gain world leadership. The narrative describes the process by which he became increasingly anti-Semitic and militaristic, especially during his years in Vienna. Yet, the deeper origins of his anti-semitism remain a mystery. He speaks of not having met a Jew until he arrived in Vienna, and that at first his attitude was liberal and tolerant.

Translation for Hitler's Stalingrad speech:"I wanted to reach the Volga, to be precise, at a particular spot, at a particular city. By chance it bore the name of Stalin himself. But don't think that I marched there just for that reson, it was because it occupies a very important position...I wanted to capture it and, you should know, we are quite content, we have as good as got it! There are only a couple of small bits left. Some say: 'Why aren't they fighting faster?' That's because I don't want a second Verdun, and prefer instead to do the job with small assault groups. Time is of no importance to me. No more ships are coming up the Volga. And that is the decisive point!"

When Hitler was appointed chancellor on January 30th 1933, it was at the head of a coalition government. It was very clear in his mind that it would not remain this way for long. By the end of March 1933, he had acquired much greater powers than the former leading politicians of the Weimar Republic could ever have foreseen when they supported his appointment as chancellor. The death of President Hindenburg in August 1934, allowed him to combine both chancellor's and president's positions into one when Hitler became the Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor.


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