Naval Battles of the American Revolution

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Naval Battles of the American Revolution

Naval Battles of the American Revolution

By:Julia & Nandhini

The British Navy The British Navy was a navy with sufficient supplies. Their ships were very sturdy and well designed. There were about 300 of them, a numerous batch. The British were also heavily armed. One of their weapons, in fact, were cannons 24 and 42 pounds. The carronade, to be specific, was the one that weighed 42 pounds. Another one of their most famous weapons was the red-hot round shot that they used to light a ship. Other weapons included canister, bar shot, and chainshot used to cause minor injuries to opponents. The purpose of the British Navy was to protect the sea-lanes across the Atlantic and to defend the colonial coastline. Unfortunately for the British, the British Navy failed to conquer their purpose, allowing the American Navy to cross their borders and create an invasion.

Naval Battles There were many naval battles in the American Revolution, but 3 very memorable ones were the Ranger VS the Drake, the Protector VS the Admiral Duff, and the Bonhomme Richard VS the Serapis. Fortunately for the American Navy, they won all three of them! The Bonhomme Richard VS the Serapis was a very long battle. John Paul Jones was the captain of the Bonhomme Richard. He was very motivating and never gave up even when his ship was on fire.One of his most remembered words are "I have not yet begun to fight!" He replied with this comment when the captain of the Serapis asked him if he was surrendering. After his famous words, his navy fought harder and won the battle. After the victory, his words became the American Navy's motto. The Ranger VS Drake was a very brutal battle. The Ranger, the American Navy's vessel, had captured many British ships, and were heading out to British's Drake. In order to trick the Drake, the Ranger had been dressed as a merchantman. The Drake almost fell for it, but didn't because their captain had been watching secretly and had figured out the true purpose of the Ranger. Thus, the two ships fought, ending in the success of the American Navy once again. Strangely, the battle was very short, only 1 hour and 5 minutes to be exact. In that time though, 4 men and the captain of Drake were killed, 19 wounded. 133 other soldiers were taken prisoner by the Ranger.The Ranger's casualties, though, were only 4 men killed and 5 wounded! The Protector VS the Admiral Duff is another commonly discussed naval battle of the American Revolution. The captain of Protector was John Foster Williams, while the captain of Admiral Duff was Richard Stranger. These two ships fought for an hour, even shorter than the battle between the Ranger and the Drake, and the Protector won. Sadly, the Protector sank shortly after the Americans' victory, its flag still up and with only 55 survivors including the American captains.

The American Navy The American Navy, on the other hand, wasn't as eccentric as the British. They were short of food, clothing, and shelter several times. The American Navy started out with only a couple of fishing boats, which they later turned into bigger and better ships well built for fighting. Some of their vessels are Bonhomme Richard, named after the the famous Benjamin Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac", the Protector, the Alliance, and the Ranger. Other than that, they also used privateers, privately owned ships specially fitted for fighting. In 1776, a 100 of these ships were hired by Congress to attack British ships. One famous captain was John Paul Jones, who also helped the American Navy fight. The American Navy's goal was to gain independence from England and gain rights as Englishmen. Luckily for the American Navy, they were able to attain their goal and become free from the British.

Did you know? In the revolution, there were two very cowardly generals. They were Benedict Arnold(left) and General Gates(right). Benedict Arnold was not only a coward, but a traitor. He betrayed our country by switching to the British for money and, few people know, because of his cowardice. He was actually nervous that we were going to lose, which he felt would bring down his reputation which he did not want. General Gates was a normal coward. At the Battle of Camden, his troop lost. The funny thing was, he was the first one to ride his horse and escape out of the battle area first!


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