Navajo Nation

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by charlottevee
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Navajo Nation

Navajo MenA Navajo man owns what he has inherited and all goods, which have been bought out of his own earnings. Often a Navajo man owns a pick-up truck.

HistoryThe first Navajo Indians lived in the western part of Canada a little over 1000 years ago. The Navajo Indian tribes later moved farther south and most setteled along the Pacific Ocean. The tribes that setteled in Arizona and Mexico later became the different Apache tribes. Today the tribe is called the Northwest Coast Indian tribe. They still have reservations in Arazona. With a 27,000-square mile reservation and more than 250,000 members, the Navajo tribe is the largest present day American Indian tribe.

Fort SumnerThe Navajo Indians did not surrender to the United States, so by March of 1864 more than five thousand Navajos were being held as prisoners. They were forced to walk 300 miles to Fort Sumner in eastern New Mexico. General James Carleton built a fort for the Navajo Indians and forced them into the reservation. The walk to Fort Sumner became a very important part of Navajo Nation history and is known as “The Long Walk.” The famous treaty between the US and Navajo Nation in 1868 was signed, giving them their own territory and freedom.

HogansNavajo Indians live in homes called hogans. They have two different types of hogan, a summer and winter hogan.

Navajo NationBy: Charlotte Veenstra-VanderWeele

Navajo WomenA Navajo woman owns the hogan. She cares for the children and livestock. The jewelry, all the blankets she may weave, products of her livestock, and her income from the sale of any of her property are hers.


Woman and Baby



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