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Natural Causes and Weather Safety

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by sgmsstudent23
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Weather and Climate
Grade:
7

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Natural Causes and Weather Safety

Natural Causes and Weather SafteyBy: Madelyn Pelletier

Blizzards and Snowstorms

5. Blizzards or other large storms with hail or sleet are also dangerous but...not that much. These are more of the tamer storms but are still need to be taken with caution. Follow these steps to get through it:INDOORS: -When you are indoors and a blizzard strikes, stay inside and listen to the radio or TV for updates on the storm.-Keep your house at a warm temperature, but not too hot, it can be detrimental to your health and slow you down.-Dress in light, long clothes.OUTDOORS: If you’re caught in the middle of a blizzard or hazardous snowstorm, follow these rules:-If you need to go outside or walk a long way through the snow, wear several light layers instead of one thick one. Doing this causes more heat and air to flood over your body.-Quickly find a shelter and try to stay dry, no overheating or hard work trying to get through the snow, it can cause you to have a heart attack. -When you are stuck in your car outside, stay calm and pull over. Only turn the car on every 10 minutes for heat. Open the windows for fresh air at points so you don’t get Carbon Monoxide poisoning, and carry a flashlight with extra batteries, it gets dark outside during a blizzard quickly.Blizzards and snowstorms aren’t as serious as the other natural causes, but they’re still dangerous as they drain your life energy and cause you to overheat when you put too much stuff on. The point is stay inside and stay calm no matter what.

Even though my goal can fail, from me ignoring the warnings or failing to run. I will always try my best with this goal.S- For specific, I’ll make sure to always be cautious and know what to do during any storm wherever I am to stay safe.M- For measurable I’ll do this all the time. At home, school, the store, or anything. As long as I can stay safe that’s good enough for me. A- Achievable is easy to do. Carrying supplies in a small bag or having extra things like batteries or an extra coat will help me prepare for anything. R-Reasonable is another easy one. Knowing what to do during any storm is safe for everyone to know. It’s a good resource and can help me throughout my entire life, In Germany, Iceland, or another state. I’ll be safe knowing all this. T-Well, for time it’s important based on where you are. For example, Tsunamis happen every Century but only once, knowing this I can graph charts about it and count down the days to when there is one. No matter where I am. My thinking for all of this is to seriously stay inside. No matter where I am or what natural cause it is, I need to be super careful, as each of these can cause hazardous damage to your health and home. Looking at all of the safety precautions calmed me down though and now it’s easy to take these on, knowing what to do to stay safe. It helped me learn more about the storms based on what I already knew before searching this, which was very little since I’ve never been in any of these before. Still, it’s helped me figure out what to do and where to go.

Tsunamis

Sources and questions

3. Earthquakes are the most common natural disasters that happen frequently, It’s like when you’re on fire there’s three rules, “Stop, Drop, And a roll.” Well Earthquakes are like that too but it’s different, instead of stop drop and roll you, “Drop, Cover, and Hold on!.” Follow these steps to live and not get hurt:INSIDE: -Stay inside, no matter where you are don’t go outside for any reason.-Drop under anything solid, like your bed or a desk. Cover your head and torso as they are the weakest and most vulnerable, your back and legs (arms, etc) are harder to break. Hold on to whatever it is you’re under, it will possibly move with the Earthquake so keep a tight grip.-If in a school drop under the desks or anything and cover your head, face away from the windows as the force of the Earthquake can cause the glass to shatter.-When you’re in a Mall or any store go into the nearest room and hide under a table, cover your head and stay away from windows.-For anyone with an injury, like if you’re with a wheelchair, lock the wheels on it and cover your head and neck.-Now, when an Earthquake strikes and you’re in the hallway, immediately get close to the wall and cover your head and neck, curl into a ball. OUTSIDE: Pretty much like anything else it’s way more dangerous to be out in the open instead of in a safe place.-If you’re NOT starting off indoors, stay outside, it may seem like a bad idea but you can find other things to hide under.-Stay away from any building or foundation especially the walls.-During an event outside, like a concert or parade, quickly get to a safe place and cover your head and neck so you won’t get trampled by the running crowd.IN A VEHICLE: This is new isn’t it? But it’s even more dangerous in a car so pay close attention.-Pull over to the side of the road and don’t move-Avoid bridges or tresspasses, anything that cars pass over or under, if you’re currently under one stay calm and quickly drive out.-Stop the car and stay inside, listen to the emergency radio if your car has one.-If a power line has fallen across your car, do not attempt to get out instead make a help sign and put it on your window.-If on a bus or Subway, stay in your seat and curl into a ball, cover your head and neck.“Recognizing an impending hazard and knowing what to do to protect yourself and your family will help you take effective steps to prepare beforehand and aid recovery after the event.” -(Ready.gov)

1. Volcano’s are highly dangerous as you may already know so it’s recommended that you follow these steps to survive:INDOORS: When indoors and a volcano eruption happens, take in all animals or livestock, shut all the doors and windows, and put all machinery indoors either in your garage or basement.OUTDOORS: Now this is highly important to know, as you are now out in the open and vulnerable to lava or anything else. -If you are near a city or village quickly head towards shelter and get inside. -Volcano’s sometimes break off or spew rocks, large rocks that can severely hurt you, when that happens curl into a ball to protect your head. You would rather get burns or anything else than get knocked out and die.-Before and after a Volcano activates it causes a small earthquake or rumbling beneath the earth, causing streams around the area to rush and move everywhere. When that happens it causes Mudflows, a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. This can cause you to slip and stop you from escaping. -Getting to the point, when a Volcano activates and you’re near a stream, quickly head up the valley or hill, you can get caught in the mudslide and fail to run.INSIDE AND OUTSIDE: Volcanic ash is a very harmful thing that can slow you down. -Being in the middle of an ash fall, remember to wear a long sleeved shirt and pants, put any goggles you have around your house on, cover your mouth with a dust mask or a damp cloth, and turn off any vehicles, which causes the ash to fly anywhere. -Most importantly, stay out of any areas that have a warning or Volcanoes or other natural disasters.“Remember to help our neighbors who may require special assistance -- infants, elderly people, and people with disabilities.” -(seismic.org)

1. What do you do if you’re caught in the middle of a Volcanic Eruption?2. When you’re surfing or another water related activity near the ocean, what do you do when a Tsunami strikes?3. What happens if you’re stuck in a high Earthquake zone and an Earthquake happens?4. During a Tornado, inside or outside, what do you do to stay safe?5. When a Blizzard or heavy rain (sleet, hail, etc) happens what do you do?----------------------------------http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/severeweather/resources/ttl6-10.pdfhttp://www.ready.gov/natural-disastershttp://www.seismic.ca.gov/VolcanoWhat2Do.htmlhttp://www.beachapedia.org/Tsunamihttp://www.getprepared.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/rthqks-wtd/index-en.aspxhttp://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/?n=safety-severe-homesafetyhttp://www.ci.buffalo.ny.us/files/1_2_1/misc/blizzard.pdf

2. Tsunami's, in my opinion, are terrifying large waves that can cause major damage and kill many people. They’re caused by underwater earthquakes, underwater volcanic disruptions, and landslides. An example is this, in 1992 and 1993, a Tsunami happened in Japan which killed 2,000 people and caused over $1 billion dollars of damage to repair the destroyed homes and buildings. Now, since Tsunamis are highly dangerous like Volcanoes and Earthquakes, this is what you need to do to stay safe:INDOORS: -If you’re in school and hear a Tsunami warning, listen to the teachers or other trusted adults there.-When at home, tell your family and quickly move out in a calm and orderly fashion, it won’t make anything better if you panic especially if you’re in a Tsunami evacuation area.OUTDOORS: -Like Volcanoes, being outdoors is extremely dangerous. -When you’re on the beach or near a stream and feel the ground start shaking start running towards higher ground. Don’t wait for a Tsunami warning as they can happen before that. Also, staying away from a harbor area is a good thing too.-Depending on where you live Tsunamis can happen anywhere from 3-5 minutes or just a few seconds.-It’s an important thing to remember that Tsunami’s only happen once every decade so you don’t have to worry. But when it does strike get to higher ground quickly, as Tsunami’s can last for hours or even days. It also should be noted that you can’t surf Tsunami’s and it's dangerous to be out on a boat when it happens.

Earthquakes

Volcanoes

S.M.A.R.T GOAL and my thinking

4. Tornadoes come in all different shapes and sizes but are highly dangerous regardless. Always stay calm no matter what and warn others. Listen to the rules:INDOORS: This is the safest place you can possibly be during a Tornado.-Go down to your basement if you have one, if not a place in your house with no windows is the best solution.-If you can’t find a good shelter, stay where you are and crouch down, covering your head and neck. Some examples may be a hallway or under the stairs, where you can crouch next to or under.OUTDOORS: Very very dangerous to be outside during this, so take caution.-Seek shelter as quickly as you can, DO NOT PANIC, this won’t help you at all-Find a place with no windows and a sturdy build-If there are no places to go lie face first on the ground and cover your neck, stay away from trees or anything large.It’s also good to note that if you live in a mobile home, you’re not safe at all. It's been known that mobile homes can’t even withstand an F1 tornado. If this is the case you need to run and seek better shelter, don’t stay in your mobile home for anything.

Tornados


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