native american tribes

by electriccello
Last updated 1 month ago

Social Studies
American History

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native american tribes


"In 1987, the U.S. Senate passed a resolution acknowledging the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations for their contribution to the development of the U.S. Constitution."

A follower of "The Great Peacemaker", Hiawatha was the leader of the Onondaga and the Mohawk tribes. He was the person who brought the 6 tribes together. Other Native Americans describe him as a "strong hearted and caring" man. He always thought about the big idea of bring these tribes together to form one strong nation, the Iroquois Confederacy.

The Iroquois is also nicknamed," Haudenosaunee", meaning "of the long house". To build these houses, the Iroquois cover a large wood frame in elm bark. They can be made up to 100 ft. long. Many, many people can fit in one house at the same time. Sometimes, clans have social gatherings and story telling sessions inside these "long houses". Iroquois families of every size live inside of them too. In general, these houses don't just provide shelter and protection for these Native Americans, they can serve as a cultural and spiritual way to connect and share experiences with their friends and families.

The Iroquois were eastern woodland tribes. They consisted of six separate tribes, the Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Tuscarora. These tribes had "similar, but distinct" cultures. They mainly lived in what is now, the state of New York. The Iroquois became stuck in the middle of the French and Indian war and sided with the British. For the Oneida, who claimed some of Ohio, they lived in poverty after the war because their land had become a bloody battlefield, they sacrificed thousands of their kind, and they had nowhere else to go. In the end, the Oneida signed a treaty with New York Governor, George Clinton in exchange for a smaller reservation. New York was able to make the same deals with the Onondaga and the Cayuga, buying their land sending these tribes to reservations as well. Unlike them, some Iroquois tribes were forced to move instead. Several relocated to western U.S. and some went to Canada. Then, the Iroquois tribes had to adapt and adjust to their new environments. To sum it up, the Iroquois had a long history with the Americans/Europeans. They had to be located several times, but they had adapted to new ways and can now live a successful life.

"The Three Sisters" of the Iroquois were maize, beans, and squash, also known as "deohako", or "life supporters". These were the main crops that the women farmed and harvested for food. They also gathered wild berries and herbs. The men fished in the rivers with fishing poles and dugout or elm bark canoes. They hunted deer and elk with bows and arrows, and spears. The Iroquois often traded these items to the Europeans. Some of the Iroquois dishes include cornbread, soups, and stews cooked on a stone hearth. In conclusion, the Iroquois use the environment around to serve their needs such as food, water, money, and cultural reasons.

Native Americans sometimes live lives just like us. The parents work hard to take care of their children. Within the Iroquois, women held authority. They controlled wealth, provided food supplies, and voted on which men would be in the Grand Council (a group of Indian men that decided a lot of important decisions within the tribes). The women were in charge of farming, property, and the family. The men were in charge of clearing land, hunting, fishing, trading, and going to war. During a war the Indian warriors use clubs, bows, spears, and shields to defend themselves. Both genders participate in storytelling, artwork, music, and traditional medicine. Many Iroquois children enjoy going hunting with their fathers or playing with cornhusk dolls (above), toys and made-up games. The children have an important role in the tribe as well, they act as pest control since they chase away the bugs and beetles that eat the crops. That is how everyone in these tribes plays an important role.

Today, Iroquois members are still alive today. Most reside in about 20 settlements and 8 reservations throughout Canada, New York state, and Oklahoma state. The Iroquois still practice their customs just about everywhere they live. For example, they hold festivals like the "Iroquois Winter Dream Festival" as a gathering of Iroquois people to celebrate, have fun, and connect culturally (above middle: a festival hosted by members of the Seneca tribe). At these festivals, there are feather dances, drum dances, festive music, Iroquois food, games, and Sun ceromonies.The Iroquois people have influenced the world today in many ways. One way is that they influence our clothing and craftmanship. They wore moccasins, bead shirts, heavy winter shirts, and feathers (above left: feather headdress). These items are still being sold all around the United States. Another way they influenced our culture is that the Iroquois men played Lacrosse during their spare time (above right: Lacrosse sticks). Lacrosse is the only sport invented in America. Today, many Iroquois are in national lacrosse teams. The Iroquois are also very successful in business; the Seneca-Cayuga tribes own casinos, bingo halls, gas stations, and cigarette factories.In conclusion, the Iroquois are a Native American tribe that first lived in the area of what is now New York. They were forced to move around a lot when the Europeans/Americans came around. Also, their culture has strongly affected ours today. That's why the Iroquois Confederacy is important in our world.


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