[2016] viktoriya radchuk (Watson Period 2): National Youth Administration

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Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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[2016] viktoriya radchuk (Watson Period 2): National Youth Administration

National Youth Administration

In the 1930's, there was a high number of unemployed youth. This feared many adults. Eleanor Roosevelt was an important leader and NYA's most public champion. She worried that long-term unemployment and poverty would decrease young american's faith in Democracy. She worked closely with educators and relief officials to push FDR to address these problems. At first he was hesitant, but then in June 1935, he signed an executive order establishing the NYA. The NYA was designed specifically to address the problem of unemployment among Depression-era youth.

In 1939, the NYA's priorities shifted again as unemployment increased and the war gradually approached. For the next four years, the NYA emphasized skills training in defense-related industries. Despite the success that the NYA did experience at points, the war began approaching and wartime spending increased, As a result of this, Congress refused to continue funding the program and abolished the NYA in 1943.

The Illinois branch of the NYA put out posters to advertise their free classes for boys and girls looking for jobs.

Works Citedhttps://libraries.indiana.edu/guide-national-youth-administration-nyahttps://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/glossary/nya.cfmhttp://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/national-youth-administration.html

This is the Indiana Youth Administration creating topographical maps for the U.S. Geological Survey.

Randolph W. Bromery was an African American educator and geologist. In this video, he speaks about his childhood and his experience with the NYA.

"I live in real terror when I think we may be losing this generation. We have got to bring these young people into the active life of the community and make them feel that they are necessary." -Eleanor Roosevelt

The NYA had two goals. First, the administration provided grants to high school and college students in exchange for work. This allowed students to continue studying, while preventing unemployment from increasing. The second goal was for those young people who were both unemployed and not in school. The NYA aimed to combine economic relief with on-the-job training in federally funded work projects designed to provide youth with marketable skills for the future. This was a more challenging task of the NYA and it recieved criticism for not providing adequate funding for job training. As a result of this, the NYA shifted its emphasis to skill development in 1937. That same year, it also launched a special program of assistance for African Americans, led by Mary McLeod Bethune.

"One of the ideas I agreed to present to Franklin was that of setting up a national youth administration. . . . It was one of the occasions on which I was very proud that the right thing was done regardless of political consequences." -Eleanor Roosevelt


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