National Geography Standards

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National Geography Standards

Standard 3: A vast majority of the deaths occur in concentrated areas in Pima, Santa Cruz, and Cochise County, and these are all locations close to the border. From a trend standpoint, this map can suggest a commonalities in paths being taken from the U.S.-Mexico border. Something else I noticed was the lower level of deaths going towards Yuma. Given the fact that Yuma weather is typically warmer combined with a lower death count, it is possible that the deaths in Yuma aren't all due to travel fatigue. Sherif, M. (2009, September 1). Border Death Map. Retrieved October 9, 2014, from

Standard 5: After doing research on the three types of regions, I have come to the conclusion that the borderlands of the U.S. and Mexico can be considered all three regions based on the manner of perception of the region. To me, it all completely matters on how people view the region, and the three different regions represent three different views on the border. Formal regions are characterized by common human and physical properties (National Geographic). The human properties can include language, religion, culture, and many other forms of cultural identity. Especially due to immigration, both sides of the border share many common human properties due to the fact that many people came from the southern side of the border to the northern side. Speaking in terms of physical properties, the only thing that separates that portion of the two countries is a wall to recognize where the nations meet, and they share the exact same climate, vegetation, etc.Functional regions have some sort of focal point, and that focal point can be transportation or any other kind of association (National Geographic). One could argue that crossing points serve as very prominent transportation nodes when it comes to serving as afunctional region due to the high traffic they receive going both ways. Because of that, they could also be seen as prominent communication nodes with communication being at its most basic form, delivery. The U.S. and Mexico border also is the center of illegal drug trade between the two countries, as a lot of the trafficking happens between the two borders. While it is in no way a legitimate practice, it still needs to be considered a trading point for cartels ("associations"). The U.S.-Mexican Border can also be a perceptual region; in fact, I would consider it a perceptual region more than a formal or functional one, though only when it comes to how people feel towards those that live in the area. I feel as though people consider both sides that are close to the border are populated genereally with the same culture, and if they are anything like me, they feel that way because of immigration and how it is presented to them. And essentially, the way that people have experienced the U.S.-Mexico border will greatly influence their opinion on its type of region. The opposite argument to that is that there is a clear line that divides the two countries, therefore it's extremely easy to divide the countries up. As a counter to that, if you kept the countries' shapes and removed that border, I think people would have a hard time telling the two sides of the border apart.National Geography Standard 5. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2014, from

Standard 2: A mental map giving directions from San Simeon Condominiums to Desert Vista High School in Ahwatukee.

Standard 6: Most of my ancestors are African, with one line of ancestry coming from Native American heritage. I am not entirely sure which part of Africa my mother's side of the family is from, but my dad's side is mostly of Angolan ancestry.I know that we do have an immigration policy issue because we have so many people crossing the border illegally and we are conflicted with what we should be doing. I also know that crossing for many of those immigrants is extremely dangerous and risks death in many ways.The only stereotypes that I have of the people who live along the borderlands is that they are probably mostly (if not all) hispanic, and that many of them living on either side have or will have some kind of experience with immigrating illegally. As far as those who cross the border, I mostly believe that they are probably more secretive, simply because of the fact that one misstep in any way could lead to deportation.I think that baggage would never assist people in making unbiased analyses of such delicate topics, and that baggage would actually work more to skew the accurate information to fit something more desireable for the person with baggage. That being said, I don't think my baggage would prevent me from analyzing the culture accurately and sensitively because I always strive to find unbiased information.

Standard 14: This area was transformed from a major agricultural area into a major part of the greater valley of Phoenix. A vast majority of the fields and farms were removed to turn Chandler, Ahwatukee, Mesa, etc. into a metropolis of sorts.

Standard 9: This map depicts typical migration routes taken through Mexico to the borderlands of Mexico and the United States.

Standard 10: Catholicism is seen as a very present religion in both countries, and it seems that religion can bring the two together in the name of God as well as those who lost their lives during their journey. This is an extremely powerful image and it shows Catholicism in a much more positive light than what is on the front lines of media.

Standard 11: This map displays all of 50 states' exports to Mexico, and how their trade contributes to America's overall product trade with Mexico. This map also tells shows the interdependence between the two countries and how that trade creates jobs in the U.S. by state.

Standard 12: Chambers of Commerce play seriously big roles in the economies of their surrounding settlements. At the same time, they also need financial support, so they rely on the membership of local business. While they are given financial support, the business in the settlement are given a voice in the local business community.

Standard 16: Here at the air force base, humans aren't necessarily taking resources from the Earth, but they sawthe landscape as a perfect area to have a vast field of solar energy, creating clean energy to sustain their base.

Standard 13: Managing the United States-Mexico Border: Cooperative Solutions to Common Challenges is a report that shows cooperation between a U.S. council and a Mexican council, both of which are aiming at improving international relations and policies. This specific document from the two groups shows a collaborated effort on fixing multiple border crises. Not only are they trying to bring the amount of illegal activity happening around the border, but they are also trying to better facilitate trade and legal travel between the two countries. Essentially they are trying to reduce things that hurt both countries while boosting the economy of both countries, showing their interdependence on each other.

Standard 4:Left: This spoke as an urban geography as it shows a place which is highly occupied because of its closeness to the boarder, and the cultural choices made by the people there. The dry cracked earth in the picture spoke to me for this activity type as a showed very little rainfall in this area.

Standard 8: This image represents the recycling process of Carbon Dioxide, a distributional characteristic of our planet's ecosystem.

Standard 7: The Cutler Dam maintains a portion of the Earth's hydrosphere, which is considered one of the 4 main physical systems.

Standard 15: The destruction created by Hurricane Katrina is a perfect example of how an environmental hazard can completely alter human activity in certain areas.

Standard 17: Maps that document historical events can help you create a timeline for a settlement's creation. I came to the conclusion that a vast majority of our major cities and human landmarks were born from mining prospects along the southwest. In order to protect these areas, military posts were created to defend against Native Americans, and victorious battles pushed them further back, creating more territory. The great migration of Americans to Arizona came from the great California Gold Rush. This gold rush caused a massive migration from the east coast with the prospects of gold. These settlements were made extremely difficult to live in from waning resources, and more importantly, attacks made on those settlements by Native Americans. In defense of their interests, the U.S. erected multiple posts throughout the state to defend these settlements (such as Fort Lowell, which was a post that was just outside Tucson). These military posts clashed with attackers, creating battles such as the one at the Salt River Canyon. These victorious battles pushed Native Americans into smaller parts of the state, allowing for these settlements to expand into more major cities.

Standard 18: Using maps can help you decided the future of the area or greatly influence your future.

Standard 1: Map of the U.S. Mexico Borderlands.

National Geography Standards


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