by roneal1127
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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

What is NAS?Group of symptoms the neonate has, due to exposer to narcotics while in utero.

Nursing Care-Careful monitoring of the infant for withdrawal symptoms-Monitor the neonate for seizures -Administer medications and IV fluids as ordered-Sooth the baby when it's irritable by swaddling or gently rocking-Feed frequent, small amounts of high-calorie formula

Prognosis-With treatment withdrawal symptoms are relived but long-term effects, such as developmental and neurological deficits may occur

Diagnosis-Meconium and urine testing for the presence drugs-Neonatal Abstinence Scoring System: System that gives points on each NAS symptom.

Statistics-Affects more than 5 out of 1,000 infants(About 200,000/year)-31% of infants with NAS have respiratory problems

By Becca O'Neal

Medications-Phenobarbital: controls seizures and withdrawal symptoms. Relives anxiety-Paregoric: For herion or opiate withdrawal-Opium Tincture: For severe herion or opiate withdrawal. Also treats diarrhea-Methadone: For herion or opiate withdrawal-Benzodiazapines: For alcohol withdrawal

Treatment-Providing a quiet environment with minimal exterternal stimuli-Swaddling-IV fluids -High calorie formula-Medications to treat symptoms of withdrawal

S/S-Withdrawal symptoms -Body tremors-Hyperirritability -Wakefulness-Diarrhea -Seizures-High-pitched crying -poor feeding-Sneezing or yawning

Symptoms may vary on the type of substance used and the last time the substance was used.

Complications-Problems with development and behavior-Low birth weight-Birth defects-Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Facts-Thousands of infants spend over a month in the hospital for NAS (THIS IS PREVENTABLE)-$809 million was spent in 2009 alone, for treatment of NAS



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