Nanking Massacre

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by Jeaneah
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II

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Nanking Massacre

During the Second Sino-Japanese War (WWII), the mass murder and rape in Nanking, the capital of Republic China, took place. The Japanese Imperial Army ended the lives of over 280,000 Chinese civilians in just over a 6 week period.

Stage Three:Dehumanization- The Japanese were taught to view the Chinese as lowly, and dishonourable through propaganda- Japanese oldiers raped, multilated, and forced incest to show how disgusting the Chinese really are

Stage Two:Symbolization- Men in civilian clothing were sent off to POW camps, and eventually killed. Women, regardless of age, were targetted for rape and other morbid acts of sexual assault

Stage Five:Polarization- Fuel by their hatred of the Chinese, the Japanese found themselves as a superiour race

Said to be one of the greatest concentrated mass killings and rapes in written history.

By: Joanne Li

Nanking Massacre

Bibliography 1. http://www.gendercide.org/case_nanking.html2. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/nanking.htm3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanking_Massacre4. http://www.preventgenocide.org/prevent/UNdocs/KofiAnnansActionPlantoPreventGenocide7Apr2004.htm

Realistic war film based on the Rape of Nanking

Stage One: Classification: - Japanese viewed the Chinese as inferior, vermin

Stage Four:Organization- Various sub- groups of the Japanese’s imperial army had started to organize the genocide of Chinese civilians

Stage Eight:Denial- To this day, Japanese officials deny the massacre, saying it was "just a part of the war”, and that the entire massacre was exaggerated as propaganda.

Stage Seven:Extermination- December 13th 1937, all prisoners of war were to be executed; carnage, murder, looting, rape, horrific violence throughout the city.- Regardless of age or sex, no one was spared. 1/3 of the population was eliminated.

Stage Six:Preparation- Civilians were sent to POW camps, men were sent to the outskirts of the city to be slaughtered, leaving the city unprotected

Prevention of Genocides: 1. Protection of civilians against armed enemies2. Clear and early warning (media, recognizing the start of a genocide)3. Swift and decisive actions4. Ending imputiny (international court bringing war criminals to justice)

China and Japan; the powerstruggle for imperial expansion, tensions fueled by past wars.

A statue in the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, China

Rape of Nanking:Excellent novel depicting the events of the genocide: http://books.google.ca/books?id=QPrJB0r5i5MC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Aftermath- Japanese war criminals were tried in Nanking, and the citizens were given a mass catharsis to mourn the dead. Rather than burying the past, the Chinese have erected museums to remember the victims of the massacre, and many school systems around the world have incorporated the Nanking Massacre in their curriculum.


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