Music during the Great Depression

by joyo1122
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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Music during the Great Depression

Louis ArmstrongAugust 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971- Known for songs like ‘Star Dust’, ‘La Via En Rose’, and ‘What a Wonderful World’- Considered one of the most influential artists in jazz history- An all-star virtuoso- Became prominent in the 1920s- Influenced countless musicians with both his daring trumpet style and unique vocals- Charismatic stage presence impressed the jazz world, but also all of popular music- It was on a riverboat that Armstrong honed his music reading skills- Eventually had his first encounters with other jazz legends, including Bix Beiderbecke and Jack Teagarden


Leon Bix BeiderbeckeMarch 10, 1903-August 6, 1931- He joined the Wolverine Orchestra in 1923- His first record was released in May 1924, it had Fidgety Feet, and Jazz Me Blues on it.- In October 2014 he left the Wolverine Orchestra and joined the Jean Goldkette Orchestra and only stayed for 2 months.- In January 1925, Bix recorded for Gennette Records.- His first compilation was Davenport Blues.- The compilation was issued under the name Bix Beiderbecke and His Rhythm Jugglers.- In August 1925, he joined the Trumbauer Orchestra and stayed until May 1926.- In 1927 Bix joined Adrian Rollini and the New Yorkers, which only lasted for 2 weeks.- In October 1927, he joined the Paul Whitman Orchestra.- In 1930 he put together a group under his own name and recorded three sides, which included one of his most famous works I’ll Be a Friend with Pleasure.- He was in hospitals a lot toward the end of his life due to alcohol abuse.- He died at the young age of 28.

Music during the Great Depression

- Music was a form of entertainment used as a mean of getting happy.- Popular types of music played during this era includes: jazz, blues, and swing jazz.- Jazz originated from New Orleans, where there was a combination of European influence and African music elements- Along with music, the increase of swing dancing and "jitterbug" were popular.

Bessie SmithApril 15, 1894-September 26,1937-She was a major influence to jazz vocalists of her era, along with Louis Armstrong.-First musical “job” was busking the streets of Tennesse with her brother as a duo, her singing and dancing, and him playing the guitar. -She lost both her parents and her older brother by the age of nine, and her older sister Viola became the head of the household. -Bessie was signed to Columbia Records in 1923, and when Columbia established a “race records” Smith’s record was the first -She was a “headliner” on the black T.O.B.A. circuit, and was their top attraction in the 1920’s-Due to the Great Depression her career was cut short, but she did some work on Broadway in a musical called Pansy. -She made one film appearance in the film St. Louis Blues



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