Muscular Dystrophy

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by nataliepic
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Genetics

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Muscular Dystrophy

AffectsInability to use/control muscles (arms/legs/hands) Can lead to life threatening heart condition. Muscles around the lungs can be weaken, making it more difficult to move air. Increase risk of respiratory infection About a third of the boys with DMD (Duchenne) have some degree of a learning disability. MD can affect brain development and cause weakness in certain cognitive or problem solving skills. Medication side effects, fatigue, physical limitations, family stress and difficulty coping with the diagnosis can lead to behavior or emotional problems. Swallowing problems can happen Scoliosis (excessive curvature of the spine) Congenital MD can affect vision, cognitive function and motor control.

Muscular Dystrophy

Areas of Concern/ChallengesLanguage problemsDifficulties with auditory memoryBehavior problemsTarget for BullyingWriting problems Students may be absent frequentlyStudent may be tired due to fatigueMoving around the schoolField trips could be challenging and need extra planning

Resourceswww.mda.orgwww.kidshealth.orgwww.special children.about.comwww.muscle.cawww. Endduchenne.orgwww.healthline.com

Supports:Make sure students have access to elevators Group students in cooperative learning groups Extended time for projects, assignments and exams Be cognizant of signs of depression or isolation Promote the use of muscles whenever possible Schedule bathroom breaks and allow student to leave class early Work together with student, parents and counselors

CausesGenetic Disorder that weakens the muscles that move the body. The disorder is caused by incorrect or missing genetic information that prevents the body from making the proteins needed to build and maintain healthy muscles.There are nine major forms of MD. Myotonic, Duchenne, Becker, Limb-girdle, Facioscapulohumeral, Cogential, Oculopharyngeal, Distal and Emery-Dreifuss A child diagnosed with MD will lose the ability to walk, sit upright, breath easily and move their arms and hands. Without these essential proteins, the muscles break down and weaken over time. As the muscles break down, people with MD have problems with the way their bodies work.

Need to know:Student may complain of fatigue, seem clumsy and slower at timesStudent will need extra timeOther students should know about the student's conditionStudent has a significant health condition, but the student is still a child with regular interests Lines of communication with home need to always be open

Assistive TechnologyAssistive supports/devices will likely change over time as the disorder progresses.-Power Scooters-Walkers and Canes-Wheelchairs-Lifts-Bathroom aids-Communciation Aids-Modified telephones-Electronic Switches-Thicker pens and pencils-Doorknob adapters-Special cutlery


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