Multiple Sclerosis

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by Jwitters
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Scelorsis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disease of young adults. It most often appears when people are between 20 to 40 years old. However, it can also affect children and older people.There are over 400,000 cases of MS in the United States, and 2.5 million cases around the world.

Multiple sclerosis results in destruction of the myelin surrounding the nerves of the CNS. The destruction is caused by the body's immune system attacking the myelin sheath. The destruction of the myelin sheath leads to areas of demyelination in the brain and spinal cord, which causes the symptoms of MS.The neurotransmitter called Noradrenaline is found in smaller amounts for MS patients. Norepinephrine is a chemical released from the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress.

Living with MS is a constant struggle. Some cases are mild and some are extreme. For the people with extreme cases, their life is very overbearing everyday. Activities such as walking your dog or going up the stairs is very difficult. As for the families, there is a sorrowful effect. The family sees the member with MS slowly decreasing in health everyday, which can take a toll on their mental and emotional state of mind. The patient has to do treatment everyday because of the overall pain that they are in. This can cause financial problems for the family.

Life of a patient

How common is it?

What's going wrong?

There is no cure for multiple sclerosis.Treatment typically focuses on speeding recovery from attacks, slowing the progression of the disease and managing symptoms.To attack: Corticosteroids, Plasma exchangeTo modify progression: Copaxone, Tecfidera, Aubagio, NovantroneManage with "stress"(Noradrenaline )symptoms: Physical Therapy, muscle relaxants

Treatment

Multiple sclerosis is considered to be an immune-mediated disease in which the body's immune system attacks the central nervous system (CNS).Symptoms: Blurred or double vision,Thinking problems,Clumsiness or a lack of coordination,Loss of balance,Numbness,Tingling, Weakness in an arm or legDiagnosis: Phyisican goes through numerous test, and makes the diagnosis based on the results.

The cause for MS is uncertain but there are factors that make the disease more likely.These Factors include: Smoking, Certain genes, or viral infectionsGenetics: No genetic component, but siblings of an affected person with MS are 2-5% more likely to get MS. Relatives are at an increased risk of developing MS.No environmental factors influence MS.

How does one get it?

What is it?


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