Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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by hadiaa
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Politicians and Presidents
Grade:
12

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Jinnah insisted on the issue of a separate homeland through negotiations with the British government and Indian majorities, resulting in the partition of India and the formation of the state of Pakistan on 14 August 1947. He dealt with this against a backdrop of widespread violence between Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs, and a vast movement of populations between the new states of Pakistan and India in which hundreds of thousands died.

Accomplishments

Jinnah was an Indian politician who successfully campaigned for an independent Pakistan and became its first leader. He was born on 25 December 1876 in the subcontinent and died of tuberculosis on 11 September 1948.

- In 1895 Muhammad Ali Jinnah was admitted to the bar in England at the age of just 19. He was the youngest ever English barrister from India. - He excelled as a lawyer after his return from England at the age of 20; settled and started his practice in Bombay.- He was able to unite a series of political expediencies, with the popular appeal of Islam, to demand a separate state for Muslims. Hence the accolade, “Founder of Pakistan”.- According to Jinnah’s biographer Bolitho, ‘The 1945 elections in which Muslim League won every Muslim seat of the Central Assembly was Jinnah’s glorious hour: his arduous political campaigns, his robust beliefs and claims, were at last justified.’- Another achievement of Jinnah was The 14 points that were put forward by Jinnah in 1929 as a means to his aim of self-government for people of the subcontinent on the same grounds as those in British-held countries of that time like Australia, New Zealand, etc. - He was sworn as the First Governor General of the state of Pakistan a day after its creation.

Why did he influence change?

To secure the Muslim minority in India from persecution as well as create an environment where Islam could be practiced freely. He believed that Muslims had a culture, calendar, language, set of practices, so different from Hindus, that they couldn't coexist.

When did he influence change?

Jinnah joined the Muslim League in 1913, which was the year he officially started the movement of fighting for a separate homeland. He continued to work incredibly hard till his dying breath, which was in 1948.

Muhammad Ali JinnahAKA Quaid-e-Azam

How did he influence change?

Significance in History

Stanley Wolpert, an American academic, Indologist, and author said, ‘Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.’He did not only create a nation state on the basis of Muslim separatism in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, he also struggled hard to build it on strong footings as is evident from his dynamic role as the first Governor-General of Pakistan. It is solely because of him, his determination and dedication that Pakistan came to be.

Who was he?


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