Montgomery Bus Boycott

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Montgomery Bus Boycott

Source list- Murphy, Bruce Allen. "Montgomery bus boycott." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. - The Montgomery Bus Boycott (Book)0-516-06671-4

Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a very famous boycott back in the 50’s. It was provoked by a very simple but powerful cause. On December 1, 1955 a black women named Rosa Parks was riding the local bus. She was seated in the front of the colored section which was halfway to the back of the bus. When another white man came onto the bus the driver told Rosa and 3 other black women to get up and move. The 3 other women moved but Rosa didn’t. She was sick and tired of being treated worse than white people. The driver got the cops to come and take Rosa away to jail . The news got around fast and by 4 days 90% of the blacks were not riding the bus. Rosa Parks new people would hear about this but what she didn’t know is that she would be making history. This boycott lasted for over a year, and on December 20, 1956 the court said all citizens, regardless of race, equal rights will have equal protection under state and federal laws then a day later the boycott ended and the blacks got equal treatment on the buses.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott wasn’t just started by Rosa Parks and the bus incident. Even though that was a big part of it, the boycott was slowly building up and the Rosa Parks was only the final straw. Rosa Parks wasn’t even the first women to get arrested for not moving on a segregated bus. There were three others before her. One of them was 15 and was only coming home from high school. The blacks were also upset that they still weren’t being treated fairly after all they had done. Lastly everyone was tired of the busses and having to always get up and move and they felt that it was time that they put it to an end.

From December 1, 1955 to December 21, 1956 blacks had a hard life. They would fight everyday to end segregation. They thought that it wasn’t fair that the whites got everything better than the blacks. For example if the a bus was filled and white person walked on the bus the blacks would have to stand up while whites would take their seat. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a famous part to segregation. Rosa parks stood up for black and white segregation. So did many others. They didn’t realize that it would become history. Martin Luther King then joined in on the Bus Boycott. During the bus boycott the blacks had to walk.

On December 1, 1955 Rosa parks made history. She stood up for blacks and refused to move for a white person. She then was arrested. Clifford Durr and Nixon began to talk about using the Parks case to challenge bus segregation in the courts. They wanted people to realize that blacks were infuriated at what people were doing to them. They wanted to make sure that they knew that they were doing the wrong thing and that they wanted to be equal like everyone else. Everything was segregated. For example water fountains, restaurants, bathrooms, trains,schools,cars,waiting rooms,etc.. The blacks stayed strong everyday to end segregation.

Martin Luther King Jr. was the start of the Montgomery bus boycott. Black citizens in Montgomery began a one-day bus boycott to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the leaders of the boycott. He emerged as a prominent national leader of the American civil rights in the wake of the action. The Montgomery Bus boycott lasted a year. Everyone relied on Martin Luther King. he was a very big influence to the blacks in montgomery and everywhere else. He brought a situation to court and it was so strong it ended the Montgomery Bus Boycott. There was still more to end, but they were getting closer and closer to ending segregation.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a very important step on the road to the end of segregation. The Montgomery Bus Boycott helped end segregation in many ways. It showed that the blacks weren’t scared to go to jail and that they were going to fight for whats right no matter what. It also showed that the blacks were sick and tired of being treated unequal. For example Rosa Parks said that she didn’t move because she was tired. She didn’t move because she was tired of giving in to moving. Lastly all the blacks wanted to be treated equal and were tired of not being treated fairly. The boycott almost put an end to all of this and after it the segregation was almost gone for good.

After the Montgomery Bus Boycott was over a lot was different all over the world. First off bus segregation had ended and the blacks were starting to get respect more and more. The whites also got the message from the blacks that they weren't going to take it anymore. Next after the boycott ended the blacks had more respect everywhere for everything and not everything was segregated. This was so, because the court was now watching what was happening to them. Lastly the Montgomery Bus Boycott told everyone around the world black or white that segregation is wrong and that it will end. That was the power of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

This picture shows what the news paper looked like and how the boycott was alwasy on the front page.

This shows what the busses looked like and how white people couldn't sit with blacks.

This shows after the Rosa Parks incadent when no one rode the buses.

This is a picture of Rosa Parks going to jail.She is getting her finger print for someth ing

This photo shows a mom and a boy driving to school and not taking the buses

This shows how crowded the buses were before the boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott had a very significant ending. After people going to jail multiple times and being in and out of the court. On December 20 1956 Martin Luther King and other black protesters went to court. They were saying how everyone should be treated equal. After hard and long hours they finally won. The court said “All citizens regardless of race, shall have equal rights and be treated equally under state and federal laws.” A day later the boycott was over and bus segregation was over although they still had to work for everything else. In conclusion the blacks were still treated less than the whites, but this was a major step in the path to the end of segregation.

During the Montgomery Bus Boycott the blacks didn’t give up no matter what. Since they weren’t using the busses that meant that they had to do most of their travel on foot. This was really hard for them because for some trips they had to walk or run miles. They were also in great danger. The cops were out all day arresting the protesters and putting them in jail. The bus system started to lose lots of money because no one was using them. The blacks were not only protesting they were bringing the situations to court. On December 21 1956 Martin Luther King brought one incident to court that was strong enough to end the boycott all together.

Murphy, Bruce Allen. "Montgomery bus boycott." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. Montgomery Bus Boycott0-516-06671-4


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