Montgomery Bus Boycott

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by mkaramercan
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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Montgomery Bus Boycott

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks boarded a city bus and sat with three other blacks in the fifth row, the first row that blacks could occupy. A few stops later, the front four rows were filled with whites, and one white man was left standing. According to law, blacks and whites could not occupy the same row, so the bus driver asked all four blacks seated in the fifth row to move. Three complied, but Parks refused. She was arrested.

Mina Karamercan 10E 291

Montgomery Bus Boycott

On November 13, 1956, the Supreme Court upheld the district court's ruling, leading to a city ordinance that allowed black bus passengers to sit anywhere they wanted.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded.

Short Description

The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks' court hearing and lasted 381 days.

An ad in The Montgomery Advertiser also helped to spread the word about the boycott. A unanimous agreement was made that black people would boycott the buses until fair seating was arranged, changes were made to the way blacks were treated on the bus, and some black drivers were hired. This tactic proved to be highly effective because, at that time, statistics showed that blacks made up 75 percent of the buses riders.

The Montgomery bus Boycott was a very significant event in the civil rights movement. People around the country were made aware of the event because it was launched on such a massive scale and lasted for more than a year.


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