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Mongolian Culture

Mongolian History

A deel is a type of traditional clothing, commonly worn centuries ago among the Mongols and other nomadic tribes of Central Asia. A deel can be made out of cotton, silk, wool, or brocade.

Mongolian Society

Most Mongolians live a pastoral, nomadic lifestyle. A nomad is a member of a community of people who live in differnt locations, moving from place to place. Nomads raise five different kinds of animals- goats, sheep, cattle (including yaks), camels and horses. As one of the only remaining horse-based cultures left in the world, Mongolians greatly cherish their horses. Outside of the capital, the horse is still the main mode of transportation and children start riding as soon as they can walk. Nomads are very proud of their riding skills. Horse racing is a favorite pastime. Traditionally, Mongols practiced Shamanism, which is worshipping the Blue Sky. However, Tibetan Buddhism became more popular after it was introduced during the 16th century. Tibetan Buddhism shared the Buddhist goals of individual release from suffering and reincarnation.

Naadam Festival- Originating from the beginning of the previous century, the festival is made up of the “three manly sports”- wrestling, horse riding and archery, followed by festivities, eating and drinking, and much socializing. The event is celebrated all over Mongolia, and the main events take place in the capital, Ulaanbaatar.

Popoulation: 2.839 millionLife Expectancy: 68.63 yearsMoney: Mongolian tögrögGDP Per Capita: 4,056.40Current Leader: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

In 1924 the Mongolian People's Republic was claimed as a Soviet satellite state. After the anti-Communist revolutions in 1989, Mongolia organized its own peaceful democratic revolution in 1990. This created a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and the change to a market economy.

Tsagaan Sar- The “white moon” festivities are celebrated during the Lunar New Year. It is a tradition to climb a sacred mountain on the first day of the New Year, to welcome the first morning of the New Year on top of the mountain peak. On the next three days, Mongolians visit their relatives and friends, and enjoy traditional food and drink.

Genghis Khan, was the founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. The Mongol Empire became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise. He played a very huge role in Mongolia's history. ( click video for his story)


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