Mohenjo-Daro & Harappa-

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by threeleggedzebra
Last updated 7 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History

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Mohenjo-Daro & Harappa-

Mohenjo-Daro & Harappa

This aerial view shows Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, expertly planned cities built with a grid pattern of wide, straight streets. The cities were surrounded by thick walls and the people inside lived in sturdy brick houses. Some houses had bathrooms and toilets that were connected to the world’s first sewer system. A canal system provided a reliable source of water as well. The bricks in different cities wre the same size, leading archaeologists to believe they were controlled by the same strong, central governement. Cities also had citadels*citadel- a fortress protecting a city or town

These weights, along with bits of wheat and barley, were discovered near a building which archiologists think was a granary. They believe that this buliding was used to store grain and house workers who would crush the grain into flour, which then would be traded. But, most farmers who produced grain did so outside of the city, leading archiologists to believe that the grains stored in this granery were collected as a formm of taxes. The granery was fiercely gaurded because of its role as an early form of a bank. *granery-a storehouse for grain that became an important piece in Indus River Valley economics

This video shows the daily lives of people living in the Indus-Sarasvati civilizations of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. It shows the believed layout of the two cities and the daily activities of the inhabitants including bathing, swimming, and carrying water. According to the video, the people of these two cities travelled and transported goods in wagons. It also shows their jobs working in granaries and market places. Another importand cultural aspect illustrated in this video is the importance of cleanliness, illustrated by the bath houses. Archeologists have found evidence of combs, soaps, and medicine. The cities were also practicing some form of dentistry because archaeologists found remains of people whose teeth had been drilled.*Indus Sarasvati-a name derived from two major rivers in the area, the Indus and the Sarasvati*Two major cities in the Indus River Valley, from which we glean the most information about the civilization.

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Clay tablets suggest that the people of the Indus River Valley developed a writing system that may be even older than Sumerian writing. This technology is most commonly found in the form of stamp seals.*Stamp Seals- used to make impressions on malleable material (like clay) serving as writing

This is the Pashupati seal, which bears the image of a seated, cross-legged figure surrounded by animals. some scholars interpret this as a yogi, and others as a three-headed "proto-Shiva" as "Lord of Animals".*Shiva- a Hindu diety that represents destruction as well as restoration

Daily life Video -http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/IndiaUnit/UnlockingSecretsMohenjoDaro.html- (introduction video, first video on the page)

This video provides a brief overview of every aspect of life in Mohenjo-Daro and Harrapa. It goes through structure of cities, government functions, ecomonics and daily life, which are described in more depth in the other artifacts.

This picture shows gold ornaments found at both Mohenjo-Daro and Harrapa, and wore worn by the wealthy. The wealth of the society overall encouraged the creation of social distinctions. The rich and poor lived in very different style houses. Larger houses had their own wells and ovens, while smaller houses were just one room.


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