Modern Psychological Science Began

by acc6745
Last updated 3 years ago

Social Studies

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Modern Psychological Science Began

When and how did modern psychological science begin?

Wilhelm Wundt1.) Founded the first research lab in psychology (Leipzig, Germany 1879)2.) Research methods included introspection, psychophysical measurements, and reaction time3.) His system of psychology is often misrepresented and oversimplified

Edward B. Titchener: Wundt student who spent his career at Cornell University*Founded the psychological school of structuralism: a perspective partially based on Wundtian concepts that sought to explain consciousness by analyzing its structural elements.

William James 1.) Published the influential Principles of Psychology, 18902.) Associated with the founding of functionalism: a perspective emphasizing the functions rather than the structures of consciousness

Margaret Floy WashburnFirst woman to receive a Ph.D in psychology in 1894

How did psychology continue to develop from the 1920s through today?

Until 1920s...psychology defined as "science of mental life"

1960s on humanistic psychology: historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for personal growth

1920s-1960s behaviorism: the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes

1960s and on ALSOcognitive neuroscience: the study of brain activity linked with mental activity



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