Mississippian Indians

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Mississippian Indians

The Mississippian Period in the midwestern, lasted from about A.D. 800 to 1600 which, saw the development of some of the most complex societies that ever existed in North America. Unlike contemporary people, Mississippian people spent much of their lives outdoors. Their houses were used mainly for shelter from inclement weather, sleeping in cold months, and storage. These were rectangular or circular pole structures; the poles were set in individual holes or in continuous trenches.

Mississippian people were horticulturalists. They grew much of their food in small gardens. Corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, goosefoot, sumpweed, and other plants were cultivated. They also ate wild plants and animals, gathering nuts and fruits and hunting such game as deer, turkeys, and other small animals. Mississippian people also collected fish, shellfish, and turtles from rivers, streams, and ponds.


(WEAPONS) Mississippian people used the stone hoes tool, but it is often a different shape and sometimes made from a different stone. In large part, however, the type of tools used by Woodland people remained in use during the Mississippian period. Chipped stone hide scrapers, knives, and drills are common at Mississippian sites. Wood working tools such as celts are found at both Woodland and Mississippian sites. Some tools the Mississippians also used were stone axes, digging sticks, and fire.


ArtSome of the most impressive achievements of Mississippian people are the finely crafted objects made of stone, marine shell, pottery, and native copper. This type of pottery originated in northwestern Georgia and is found in small quantities throughout the state. It is from the Middle Mississippian subperiod.Etowah Complicated Stamped Pottery. Although they do not fit the Western conception of art, these items constitute a distinct artistic tradition. Using an essentially Stone Age technology, Mississippian people created gorgets (decorative collarpieces), cups, pendants, and beads made of marine shell. Many of the cups and gorgets bear elaborate decorations. By flaking, carving, and grinding stone materials.

Mississipian Indians

Mississipian clothing


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