Middle Ages the Christians Kingdom

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Middle Ages the Christians Kingdom

The middle age:The christians kingdom

Middle ages Middle Ages is the historical period of Western civilization between the V and XV century. Its onset is conventionally placed in 476 with the fall of Western Roman Empire and its end in 1492 with the discovery of America, 1, or in 1453 with the fall of the Byzantine Empire, when it has the advantage of coinciding with the invention of printing (Gutenberg Bible) and the end of the Hundred Years War. Historians now prefer to refine this break period between antiquity and Middle Ages so that between the ages III and VIII are frequently referred to late antiquity, would have been a major transition in all areas: economic, for the replacement slave mode of production of the feudal mode of production, social, to the disappearance of the concept of Roman citizenship and the definition of medieval estates, politically to the breakdown of centralized structures of the Roman Empire led to a dispersion of power and the ideological and cultural absorption and replacement of classical culture by the Christian and Islamic cultures theocentric (each in its space) .2 Usually divided into two periods: Early and High Middle Ages (V century to the tenth century, no clear differentiation from late antiquity), and late Middle Ages (eleventh century to fifteenth century), which in turn can be divided into a period of fullness, the High Middle Ages (eleventh century to the thirteenth century), and the last two centuries that witnessed the crisis of the Middle Ages or the fourteenth century. Although there are some examples of previous use, 3 medieval concept was born as the second age of the traditional division of historical time due to Christopher Cellarius (History Medii Aevi to temporibus Constantini Magni ad Constaninopolim to Turcis captam deducta (Jena, 1688), 4 who considered an intermediate time, with little value in itself, between antiquity identified with art and culture of Greco-Roman civilization of classical antiquity and cultural renewal of the modern age, in which it is situated- beginning with the Renaissance and Humanism. The popularization of this scheme has perpetuated a wrong preconception: that of considering the Middle Ages as a dark age, steeped in the intellectual and cultural decline, and a secular social and economic sluggishness (which turn is associated with feudalism in its most obscurantist, as defined by the revolutionaries who fought the old regime). would be a period dominated by the isolation, ignorance, theocracy, superstition and fear fueled by millenarian endemic insecurity, violence and brutality of constant wars and invasions and epidemics apocalyptic.


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