Michelangelo & Vesalius

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by 21yeok1
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
7

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Michelangelo & Vesalius

Michelangelo & Vesalius

Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy (a small Italian village near Arezzo, Tuscany). For many generations his family worked as bankers. His father, Lodovico di Buonarroti Simoni, also held a government position. On the other hand, his mother was failing in health and died when Michelangelo was 6 years old. Due to that, he was entrusted to the care of the wife of a stonecutter. Michelangelo was very ambitious and had a bad temper. Even though he was very religious, sometimes he said fierce words when angered. When Michelangelo was 13 years old he followed his interest in arts and became an apprentice in Domenico's workshop. In 1489 Michelangelo left his apprenticeship and one year later accepted an invitation from Lorenzo de' Medici. During his time, Michelangelo studied sculptures and anatomy at the Medici gardens. “Michelangelo’s astounding ability to make marble seem like living flesh and blood, to the point it was hard to imagine that the statues were created with a hammer and chisel (michelangelo1, 1).” To the length for it to seem alive was how much Michelangelo studied human structure and used it to his advantage. After Lorenzo died in 1492 Michelangelo went back to Florence for a short time before going to Rome. Around the time “he excelled in poetry, sculpture, painting, and architecture, and his idealized and expressive works have encouraged many to regard him as one of the greatest masters of European art (michelangelo_bio, 1).” It was seven years later when Pope Julius II asked him to paint the 12,000 square foot ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. The amount of work that was needed in this was strenuous. Michelangelo Buonarroti died on February 18, 1564.

By: Kimberly Yeo

Michelangelo was born on March 6th, 1475 and grew up to be an Italian artist, architect, and a sculptor. Unlike many other artists in his time, he was recognized for his works of art. However, this would greatly affect his personal life. One reason is Michelangelo defied his father and risked the family's social standing. "Michelangelo influenced many artists in the days of the Renaissance, one of them being the famed and respected Raphael (Prezi [Who was Michelangelo], 1)." A main reason would be respect, because Michelangelo's art made marble look alive and many paintings had hidden secrets. "Many buildings, sculptures and paintings across the world were inspired by Michelangelo, and he helped shape the world of Western art (Prezi [Who was Michelangelo], 1)." Michelangelo was the man who created the priceless paintings in the Sistine Chapel, and that was just some of the many works of art he made.

Michelangelo

Michelangelo's Impact

Vesalius

Vesalius's Impact

Similarities

Differences

Andreas Vesalius was born in Brussels (Belgium) on December 31, 1514. Andreas belonged to a family of doctors and pharmacists. Both his father and grandfather served the Roman emperor, Charles V. As a kid, Andreas studied stray dogs and cats to figure out animal anatomy. Andreas is mainly hardworking, curious, and confident. There are also times when Andreas is gloomy and distant. In his years of studying and school he became an outstanding scientist, and his work changed medicine and the study of anatomy. “Vesalius attended universities in Belgium, France, and Italy (vesalius, 1).” The reason is in France he was studying medicine, but Vesalius was forced to stop after completing his degree. That was due to the fact that the Roman Empire declared war on France. Afterwards, he joined the university in Louvain and continued his medical degree. Later on, Vesalius finally moved to Padua in 1537 and started studying for his doctorate. In 1537 Vesalius earned his medical degree specializing anatomy. He became a personal doctor for the Italian and the Spanish royalty later on. Even though it was against the rules of the Roman Empire, he wanted to dissect human bodies to learn more about human anatomy. Eventually Vesalius convinced the Roman Empire to let him dissect dead bodies, even if it was restricted to executed criminals. After studying the insides of humans Vesalius discovered that human anatomy was very different from other animals. “Vesalius’s book discredited several of Galen’s doctrines about human anatomy (vesalius, 3).” An example is how women and men had the same amount of ribs. Another thing Vesalius wondered was if human anatomy was alike to apes. With all of this information Vesalius wrote a book about the human body and it's functions. The book was named "The Structure of the Human Body" and contained about 200 anatomical illustrations. Due to his work Vesalius was nominated to the court doctor of Charles V and his family. The problem is, in 1564 Vesalius was accused of murder and atheism, but King Philip II reduced his sentence to a pilgrims' journey to the Holy Land. On October 15, 1564 Vesalius left his pilgrimage, but he died on the way back home.

The similarities between Michelangelo and Vesalius shows us that they're very alike. Their families both had royal or governmental standings. “Michelangelo and Vesalius, known to have undertaken detailed anatomical dissections at various points in their long careers, set a new standard in their portrayals of the human figure (Anatomy in the Renaissance, 1).” They both studied human anatomy, but for different reasons. One studied it for the details of humans for art and the other studied it for human anatomy. They went through cutting at dead bodies just to find out what the human anatomy was really like. Michelangelo died on February 18, 1564 and Vesalius died on October 15, 1564. So Michelangelo and Vesalius died in the same year, Michelangelo at the age of 89 and Vesalius at the age of 50.

By comparing Michelangelo to Vesalius, it becomes clear that they can be very different in many ways. To start with they were 39 years apart and that can result in different technology they could use. Michelangelo came from a family of bankers while Vesalius came from a family of doctors and pharmacists. Also, Michelangelo was entrusted to the care of a wife of a stonecutter. Vesalius in the meantime lived a normal life in that era. Their personalities were opposites, or just not fitting each other. Michelangelo was bad tempered while Vesalius was hardworking and wanted to know more, but at the same time gloomy and distant. While Michelangelo defied his family's work and studied art, Vesalius followed his family's work of doctors and pharmacists. “Vesalius’s skill in and attention to dissection featured prominently in his publications as well as his demonstrations, in his research as well as his teaching in anatomy (History of anatomy, 1).” Even if Vesalius did all of this for research, the only reason Michelangelo studied it was to get a better idea how to shape the human body in art. Vesalius shared his discoveries to the world and even taught it to others.

Andreas Vesalius was an expert on medicine and a specialist in anatomy. The medicine and human anatomy we have and use today, we can thank Andreas for the accurate descriptions of the human body and his effort in changing medicine. Andreas Vesalius never fully believed that the Galenic tradition was true, and started to follow his own observations. "His desire to strive for the truth is most evident through his ability to correct his own claims and to continually reshape his thoughts on the human body (Andreas Vesalius, 1)." Due to Vesalius not giving up he could prove his own work to be "correct". The anatomy before his was incorrect in many ways and Vesalius changed that. After gathering all the information Vesalius published a book that describes all types of anatomy. Vesalius's drawing of the human body was very accurate and is very close to our drawings today. “Generally, the book laid a solid foundation for the understanding of the vast human anatomy and it is a basis for any medical practice today (vesalius, 3).” It changed everything revolving medicine in that time era that saved a lot of more lives compared to their own, and ours was also affected.


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