Michael - Hinduism

by SIAglogster
Last updated 5 years ago

Make a copy Make a copy function allows users to modify and save other users' Glogs.

Social Studies
Religious Studies

Toggle fullscreen Print glog
Michael - Hinduism

ORIGINSHinduism developed from the religions of the Indus Valley People and the Aryans. The Indus Valley Civilization lasted from about 3500 to 1500 BC, and the Aryans arrived in India soon after. The religious ideas of the Aryans are revealed in the Vedas, a collection of hymns. Evidence from the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro have revealed information about the religion of the Indus Valley People.


SACRED WRITINGSThe oldest holy scriptures of Hinduism are the Vedas, or "Books of Knowledge." Written between 1200 and 100 BC, the four Vedas were passed on verbally for centuries. The oldest, the Rig Veda, tells stories of the Hindu deities.Other sacred writings include the Mahabharata, one of the world's longest poems; the Upanishads, which discuss Brahman and moksha; and the Ramayana, which tells the story of Rama and Sita.

THE TRIMURTIThere are three Hindu gods responsible for the creation, upkeep, and destruction of the world. These gods are Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, and together they make up the Trimurti.BRAHMABrahma is the creator. He is depicted as having four heads and arms and can see in all directions. Brahma is the least worshipped of the three gods of the Trimurti.VISHNUVishnu is the preserver. He has come down to the world in various forms called avatars. Vishnu's seventh and eighth avatars were humans, Rama and Krishna. The tenth and final avatar of Vishnu has not yet come to the world. It is believed that it will be a king on a white horse who will restore order and destroy evil.SHIVAShiva is the destroyer, also known as the liberator. He is depicted with four arms, a crescent moon on his head, a third eye on his forehead, and a snake wrapped around his neck. He holds a pitchfork in one of his hands and a drum in another.

SAMSARA AND MOKSHAHindus believe that living beings are caught in a cycle of death and reincarnation, or rebirth as another living thing. This cycle, called samsara, is seen as pointless and Hindus hope to be freed from it.Freedom from samsara is known as moksha. To achieve moksha, Hindus believe they must avoid ignorance and gain wisdom. However, they are prevented from doing this by maya, or illusion.

PUJAHindu worship, or puja, takes place at either a temple or at home. Hindus can pray to the deity of their choice, either based on family beliefs or personal preference.At home, Hindu families gather around their family shrine to light a lamp and pray, often on a daily basis. The shrine is usually decorated with family pictures, statues of deities, flowers, lamps, and prayer beads.Most Hindu temples are centered around a specific deity. Hindus can visit the temple to pray when they please. Once inside, they walk clockwise around the temple and give offerings to the deity that the temple is dedicated to.



FESTIVALSEach year, there are hundreds of religious festivals. They are celebrated either locally or worldwide. The purpose of most Hindu festivals is to commemorate a specific event or deity.DIWALIDiwali is a five-day celebration that marks the start of the Hindu new year. It takes place sometime between October and November. During Diwali, Hindus worship Lakshmi, goddess of wealth and beauty. They also celebrate the return of Rama and Sita from exile. Diwali is also known as the festival of lights. Homes are decorated with clay lamps called diyas. During Diwali, families exchange presents and sweet treats, visit relatives, and wear new clothes.HOLIHoli is a celebration at the start of spring. It commemorates the death of Holika, an evil woman who tried to murder her nephew because he was a follower of Krishna. After burning statues of Holika, Hindus celebrate by singing, dancing, and throwing colored dyes and powder on each other.

BRAHMANHindus believe that behind the illusion of everyday life, there is an unchanging reality called Brahman. Brahman is essentially everywhere, and to Hindus, is the only true reality. To connect to Brahman, Hindus often utter the sound "Om."







    There are no comments for this Glog.