Michael Faraday

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by sanatanihm
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
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Michael Faraday

1791 - Year of birth1821 - invents the first electric motor1831 - invents the electric dynamo1831 - invents the electric transformer1832 - states his laws of electrolysis1845 - discovers that light propagation in a material can be influenced by external magnetic fields.1867 - dies in England, where he lived for all of his lifetime.

Michael Faraday was one of the greatest scientists of the 19th century. Faraday was born on 22 September 1791 in Newington Butts in Surrey which is now part of London. Faraday came from a relatively humble background. His father James was a blacksmith. Faraday had only a basic education and in 1804 he became a delivery boy for a bookseller. When he was 14 he became an apprentice bookbinder. However Michael Faraday became very interested in science. In 1813 he secured a job as a laboratory assistant at the Royal Institution. Then in 1813-1815 Faraday toured France, Switzerland, Italy and Southern Germany with Humphrey Davy. On 12 June 1821 Faraday married Sarah Barnard. The same year,1821 Faraday discovered electromagnetic rotation. Then in 1831 Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction, the principle behind the electricity generator. Meanwhile in 1825 Faraday was made director of the laboratory at the Royal Institution. Faraday was also an expert chemist. In 1825 he isolated benzene. In 1830 Faraday became professor of chemistry at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich. (He held the post until 1852). In 1836 he became scientific adviser to Trinity House (the body responsible for lighthouses).Michael Faraday was also a devout member of the Sandemanian Church (a church founded in Scotland in the 18th century). Michael Faraday died on 25 August 1867. He was 75. Today Faraday is remembered as a great chemist and physicist and one of the pioneers of the use of electricity.

Accomplishments

Faraday invented the electric motor with a magnet and a wire. He always made the first generator. He discovered two chlorides of carbon and discovered benzene. He came up with laws with the things he discovered which are still used today. The law of Induction, law of electrolysis, the Faraday cage, and the Faraday effect. The things he discovered and tested were used by later scientists to go a step further to lead to the electromagnetic field theory in the electronics around today.

Lasting Impact

If it wasn't for Michael Faraday, you and I wouldn't have an infinite number of electrons at our service just awaiting a flick of a switch or a push of a key or a button to communicate with each other at light speed.

Citations

Enter your source list- http://www.historymole.com- http://www.localhistories.org/faraday.html- www.youtube.com- http://scientist6669.weebly.com/major-accomplishments.html

MichaelFaraday

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