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by rissland
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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History People first started living in Mexico 13,000 years ago. Highly developed cultures like the Olmecs, Mayans, Toltecs, and Aztecs, existed long before the Spanish conquest. Hernan Cortes conquered Mexico during the period 1519-21 and founded a Spanish colony that lasted nearly 300 years. It is known as the United States of Mexico. In 1821, Spain recognized Mexico's independence. They have some great history. In 1836, Mexico fought against 189 Texas Volunteers at the Alamo. There was a Mexico-US war from 1846-1848. Mexico's severe social and economic problems erupted in a revolution that lasted from 1910 until 1920 and gave rise to the 1917. constitution.

MexicoBy: Andrew Rissler

Geography Mexico is a country in North America. Mexico is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It borders America to it's north and Belize and Guatemala to the south. Because of its location next to America, there are a lot of major business and industry centers in the north. In the south, there is a lot of ecotourism with jungles and forests. The seacoast region is tropical and perfect for vacationers. Mexico is a volcanic plateau that has many mountain ranges. The climate ranges from tropical to desert. Mexico’s land area extends 1,964,375 sq km. There are 6,000 miles of coastline.

GovernmentChief of State: President Enrique Peña Nieto Head of Government: President Enrique Peña Nieto Mexico has a federal republic government. It is also called a federation. It covers 31 states. It has three branches of government including Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The president is elected by a direct vote. He serves a six year term and can not be re-elected. The Legislative branch has 500 members. The Judicial Branch of the Mexican government has a high court .

People The people of Mexico mainly speak Spanish. They also have very strong religious beliefs, with Roman Catholic being the dominant religion. They tend to like to wear very loud colors and have a very festive sprit. Three-fourths of the people live in urban areas. There are 8 cities with a population of over 500,000. They are the 11th most populated country. The Mexican people's way of life has a lot of old customs from their Indian and Spanish Colonial period. Half of the Mexican population is under the age of 20. Children are required to get an education between the ages of 3 and 15.

Economy Mexico's economic output in 2012 was $1.761 trillion (GDP). Mexico's economy depends on its exports. They are the 16th largest exporter in the world with 82% going to the United States. They export electronics, machinery, road vehicles, transportation equipment, mining and crude oil. Mexico provides 1/4 of the worlds oil, exporting 3 million barrels per day. Tourism plays a big role in Mexico's economy. In 2010, tourism contributed $11.8 billion. Mexico is considered to be an upper-middle-income country. Despite this, 44% of the people live below the poverty line.


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