Mexican Holidays

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by parkersaltsman
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
10

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Mexican Holidays

Cinco de MayoOrigins: Cinco de Mayo is a celebration originating from Mexican-American colonies in the American west.Meaning:Cinco de Mayo, translated to the fifth of May, represents a way in which individuals remember the cause of freedom and democracy during the first few years of the American Civil war. Only recently has it been used as a celebration of Mexican and American heritage and pride.The Battle of Puebla:Occurring in the state of Puebla, the Battle of Puebla took place during a French intervention in Mexico. The outcome of this battle ended in a victory for the Mexican army providing them with a moral boost helping to slow the French army's advance towards Mexico City. Cinco de Mayo is a yearly celebration reminding individuals of the extraordinary past events on that day.Celebrations :A typical Cinco de Mayo celebration usually consists of three main parts. The first event that takes place during a Cinco de Mayo celebration is the food. Traditional Mexican food with lots of spices and tamales are regularly served throughout the few days. During a celebration like this the streets as well as individual family homes are decorated with Mexican colors, flags, maracas, and sombreros. Lastly the biggest celebration during Cinco de Mayo is the parades and musical dances. Parades consist of dancers dressed in a traditional Mexican style dress decorated with lots of tassels and bright colors like those on the people in the image above. Mariachi bands are very common during Mexican style celebrations all over North America and Spain. They usually consist of four men playing guitarrón, vihuela, guitar, violins or trumpets to festive native songs.Picture:The picture above shows Flamenco dancers in cinco de mayo parade in puebla mexico.(Britannica, PBS, CincoDeMayo.org, Gale World History)

Native Traditions

Mexican Holidays

Day of the DeadOrigins:The Day of the Dead, also known as El Día de Muertos, is a yearly Mexican holiday paying remembrance to those close friends and family who had died during the past year. The celebration takes place on October 31, November 1, and November 2 in connection with the Christian set of Hallowmas, Hallows Eve, All Saints' Day and Souls' Day. For as long as 3,000 years rituals occurring on these three days have taken place and during the pre-Hispanic era the skull of a loved one would have been kept to symbolize the rebirth and the continuation of the next life.Traditions:During the three day period of the day of the dead private altars called ofrendas honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, dolls, and the favorite foods and beverages of the ones lost would be placed around the brightly colored alters to show remembrance and that the families have not forgotten about them scene they have passed away. In most religions November 1 is dedicated to the infants and the children lost when November 2 is focused on the adults.Celebrations:Mixed within the religious ceremonies are a variety of parades and festivals making the few sad days more of a celebration. The celebrations are usually to follow the ceremonies and to add cheerfulness to the sad mornings. Lots of dancing is usually added to celebrate for those who have passed on and no longer can. Picture:The top left picture above shows a ritual is held at sunrise as part of the Day of the Dead celebration, in Mexico. The top right picture shows Day of the Dead toys, made of pottery and paper, from Oaxaca, Mexico. The botom left shows a Mexican couple dressed to commemorate the Day of the Dead. Lastly the bottom right shows a typical Mexican float during a cinco de mayo parade in Mexico.(Britannica, Gale World History)

¡Vamos a la Fiesta!

QuinceaneraBackground:A quinceanera is a celebration of a girls 15th birthday marking the transition from childhood to adulthood. This celebration, unlike most, varies from country to country. In America it is usually focused mainly around the party and the social festive where in Spain and Mexico the celebration is focused mainly on the transition and cultural aspect.Ceremony:During the ceremony of the 15 candles (also known as the Tree of Life) the birthday girl delivers fifteen candles to the people who she considers were most influential in her development during her first fifteen years of life. Each delivery of the candle is followed by a brief speech towards the person being given the candle. The candles represent a memory or a personal moment the two people shared.After-Party:After the woman has been through the religious ceremonies she turns to her party for some fun and dance. Wearing lots of makeup and a large ball gown, a typical woman would usually dance accompanied by her close family and friends. During the past century the party aspect of the celebration has become the main focus rather than the religious ceremonies sparking controversy.Picture:The picture above shows a Mexican quinceañera after mass.(Britannica, Gale World History)

http://easybib.com/key/cc5a31

Overview:In Mexico there are three major types of holidays; statutory holidays, festivities, and civic holidays. Statutory holidays are the most important in the eyes of the Mexican citizens. During these days all children and adults are given the day off to observe the traditions that day is focused on. Festives are traditional holidays to religious events such as Mother’s Day and Easter for Americans. Lastly civic holidays are holidays observed throughout the country but do not intervene with a typical Mexican work day, their fore employees are not given the day off. The biggest mistake people think is that every holiday is celebrated in every part Mexico, but in reality not every holiday is celebrated equally and they are also not all the same.(Mexperience)


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