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by ktgthatsme
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
Ancient History

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*Sumerians - one of the first groups of people to form a civilization-advanced cities-specialized workers-complex institutions -record keeping-improved technologies


Migration/Movements:*Sumerians settled near Indus and Eurphrates River (communal living) *This location allowed trade with Egypt (Assyrians) *Location allowed for trade and cultural diffusion between Hebrews, Israelies, Jews and Hittites.

"Historians believe that the Sumerians invented the wheel, the sail, and the plow and that they were among the first to use bronze. Many new ideas and inventions arose from the Sumerian's practical needs."

"The earlist civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia and organized into city-states."

"The regions curved shape and richness of its land led scholars to call it the fertile cresent. It includes land facing the Mediterranean Sea and a plain that became known as MESOPOTAMIA."

Technology & Contributions:*extensive irrigation systems*number system (1 min = 60 sec), *arithmetic/geometry to built protective walls*arches, ramps, columns and the pyramid shape of their ziggurats (temples) (which permanently influenced future civilizations)*the ablility to transport writing on clay tablets (cuneiforms)*wheels,ships,bronze and iron metallurgy

*The Sumerian culture compiled of city-states (independent countries today)*In center of each city-state was a ziggurat (temple) - priests and rulers (government) prayed to gods. (polytheistic culture)*Sargon of Akkad - Sargon defeated Sumer, settled north of Sumer, adopted culture and helped spread, created first empire (lasted 200 yrs), ended due to internal fighing, invasions and famine.

Lasting Literature*Hammurabi's Code (Babylonian Empire) -282 laws placed all over empire-evidence of patriarchy*Epic of Gilgamesh-Epic of a Sumerian King-oral tradition-evidence of patriarchy

Summary:*Mesopotamia was one of the first civilizations which would influence many cultures and traditions for societies in the future.


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