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by AnnistonMartin
Last updated 7 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Flashbulb Memories:


~freeing your memory space to allow more info to come in.~Space: recall info from specific visions.~Time: recall where you misplace something, and retrace your steps at that time when realizing it is missing.~Frequency: keeping track on how many times the samething has occured.~Well-learned info: register the meanings of objects with just seeing it.-Rehearsal: repeate an action to remember*Visual(pictures), Acoustic(sounds), Semantic(meaning)

Clear memory of a significant moment or event.

THREE SINS OF FORGETTING:* Absent-mindedness: inattention to details leads to encoding failure~mind is not always with what you are doing at the time* Transcience: storage decay over time~when you part ways with someone, the memories decay* Blocking: inaccessability of stored info~when you know something on the tip of your tongueTHREE SINS OF DISTORTION:* Misattribution: confusing source of info~putting words in someone else's mouth* Suggestibility: lingering effects of misinfo~leading questions* Bias: belief-colored recollections~current feelings toward someoneONE SIN OF INTRUSION:* Persistence: unwanted memories~being haunted by memories

*Misinformation Effect: after exposure to subtle misinfo, many people misremeber-Repeatedly imagining nonexistent actions and events can create false memories.*Source Amnesia: after hearing something, you are able to recall it-You can't always tell if the memory is real by how it feels.-An example of memory construction: when dating partners fall in love overestimate their first impressions of each other, while those who break up underestimate their relationships.

Steps to Improving Memory: *Study repeatedly: use space practice, give yourself more study sessions, rehearse, rehearse, rehearse! New memories are weaker, strengthen it by studying.*Make the material meaningful: take texts and notes in class in your own words.*Activate retrieval cues: allow one thought to cue the next thought.*Use mnemonic devices: use acronyms, rhythmic rhymes*Minimize Interference: study before sleeping, space out subjects that are similar (ex. spanish and french)*Sleep more: brain organizes info in long-term memory*Test your own knowledge: outline sections, define terms, practice tests

Encoding: information into brain.Storage: information retainedRetrieval: get info back out

Method of Loci: linking items to be remembered with objects in familiar locations.

Information-Processing Models


*Ionic Memory: short visual memory.*Echoic Memory: short hearing memory.~Short-Term Memory: better for random digits-than letters(better than hearing than seeing)~Long-Term Memory: our capacity is limitless


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