Melinda Moon Phases Period 2

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Melinda Moon Phases Period 2

Moon Phases

Moon Orbit

The moon has different phases because the light from the Sun hits the Moon's surface, but that lighted side is not always facing Earth. As the Moon rotates around the Earth, it spins so that the light that we see increases after the new moon and decreases after the full moon.

Small moonquakes, originating several miles (kilometers) below the surface, are thought to be caused by the gravitational pull of Earth.

The full moon is when we see all of t he lit up part of the moon. The light from the Sun hits the moon, going directly over Earth and reflecting off of the Moon's surface. We can then see the light because the Moon is on the other side of Earth, behind the Earth.

There are many moon nicknames.January is Wolf Moon, February is Snow Moon, March is Earthworm Moon, April is Pink Moon, May is Flower Moon, Milk Moon, or Planting Moon, June is Rose Moon, Strawberry Moon,July is Hay Moon, or Thunder Moon, or Buck Moon, August is Sturgeon Moon, September is Harvest Moon, October is Hunter's Moon, November is Beaver Moon or Blood Moon, and December is Cold Moon. A lot of these names are relted to the season and/or creatures and feel of that season.

The third quarter is when we see not the half that we saw during the first quarter, but the other side. The sulight is only hitting half of the moon, so that is what we see.

The first quarter is when we see the first half of the moon, because the sunlight is hitting one side of the moon. We only see one half of the moon because the moon is facing Earth, but only halfway, so we only see one half of the moon's lit surface in a first quarter moon.

First Quarter

Why Does the Moon Have Different Phases?

Fun Fact!

Full Moon

Moon Nicknames

Third Quarter


The moon phases are 8 stages of the moon. In each one, we see more or less of the Moon's shape.

The Moon orbits the Earth. It takes 27.3 days both to rotate on its axis and to orbit Earth. The Earth orbits the Sun in 365.24 days, so the Moon orbits Earth approximately 12 times a year.

Odd Phenomenons

A "blue moon" is when a second full moon happens in a month. This happens about once every two years. A solar eclipse is when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking the Sun's light from coming to the Earth. A lunar eclipse is when the Earth comes between the Moon and the Sun, causing the Earth's shadow to fall on the Moon, goving it an orange hue. A "blood moon" is when the Moon appears red, usually in October or November. That is why one of November's nicknames is Blood Moon.