melanoma

In Glogpedia

by aarix18
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
9

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melanoma

MELANOMA

what is Melanoma?• the most dangerous form of skin cancer• "cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers genetic defects that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form fatal (incurable, deadly) tumors"

CREDITS• http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/skin-cancer-facts#melanoma• http://www.cancer.org/cancer/skincancer-melanoma/detailedguide/melanoma-skin-cancer-treating-by-stage

factsaboutMelanoma

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ways to prevent Melanoma:1 limit ultraviolet (UV) exposure 2 protect your skin - • cover it with clothing • wear sunscreen • seek shade, • etc3 avoid tanning bed ' sunlamps

• one person dies of melanoma every hour • an estimated 9,940 people will die of melanoma in 2015• about 86 percent of melanoma cases can be attributed to exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun • Melanoma is the most common form of cancer for young adults 25-29 years old and the second most common form of cancer for young people 15-29 years old

5 Stages of Melanoma• stage 0: melanomas have not grown deeper than the epidermis. They are usually treated by surgery to remove the melanoma• stage 1: melanoma is treated by surgery to remove the melanoma as well as a margin of normal skin around it• stage 2: surgery to remove the melanoma and a margin of normal skin around it is the standard treatment for this stage• stage 3: these cancers have already reached the lymph nodes when the melanoma is first diagnosed. surgical treatment for stage III melanoma usually requires wide excision of the primary tumor as in earlier stages, along with lymph node dissection• stage 4: melanomas are very hard to cure - already spread to distant lymph nodes ' other areas of the body. Skin tumors spread to the lymph nodes that can often be removed by surgery or treated with radiation therapy.


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