Medieval Paintings and Artists

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History
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Medieval Paintings and Artists

Cenni di Pepo (Giovanni) was born in 1240 although his exact date of birth in uncertian and died in 1302 in Florence. He was also known as Bencivieni di Pepo or in modern Italian, Benvenuto di Giuseppe, and was an Italian painter and mosaic creator. His nickname Cimabue can be interpreted to ”bull-head” or ‘one who crushes the views of others’ which could signify that he was not just proud of his work but contemptuous of criticism too. He allegedly laid eyes upon the twelve year old Giotto sketching on of the boy’s family sheep on a rock and was so taken away by the amount of skill in his young body that he impelled Giotto’s father to let him become his protégé. Cimabue can be considered one of the very first artists to break away from the former traditional Byzantine style of art, seeing past the classical and going towards reality. He continually used somewhat delicate and anticipated lines while painting, craving definite outlining of the muscles and bones with the human form. These three-dimensional schemes portrayed his climatic and nostalgic interpretation towards art.

Medeival Art and Artists

ArtistsCimabue & Giotto

Flagellation of ChristBy Cimabue in 1280 Jesus christ is bound to column and is being beaten, Byzantine artistic heritage

Giotto di Bondone, nick named Giotto di Bone, was born in 1266 in the village of Vespignano, near Florence, Italy and in return died there in 1337. From a series of fortunate events which will be explained later on he was discovered as a child by Cenni di Pepo also known as Cimabue an extremely famous artist at the time. He then became an apprentice to Cimabue and over time became one of the greatest artist of the Middle ages focusing essentially on frescoes that later influenced other artists of this era. His art is notable for the explanation of the simplest problems such as space and volume, compactness of 3-dimensional forms, construction, and especially the human figure. He was also a professional at bring the clear, raw emotion of the subject at which he painted completely to the core as well as discovering the approximate way to show spiritual meaning in a object as simple as a painting.

The Middle Ages began in the 4th century at the fall of the Roman Empire and continued on until around the 16th century when the Renaissance started in Europe. The Medieval Art style within the Middle Ages came to view in the late 10th century through the late 14th century. Gothic art became very prominent as artists began to break away from the former molds of the Byzantium and Romanesque art style and into visual art. Art at this point in time revolved solely around the holy church as to glorify God, while in times as today art takes to the creativity of a free flowing atmosphere. Muses pertained to mostly saints or members of the holy family, but in some cases paintings orchestrated different themes such as bloodshed and conflict or as a forests nature. A few aspects of the Medieval Ages art includes brighter colors, perspective, proportion, uses of shadows and light, and ideals of naturalism and realism.

Work Cited for Giotto, Cimabue, and Medieval Paintings "Art in Tuscany | Cimabue | Podere Santa Pia, Holiday House in the South of Tuscany." Art in Tuscany | Cimabue | Podere Santa Pia, Holiday House in the South of Tuscany. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."Cimabue Biography (1240-1302) – Life of an Italian Artist." Totally History Cimabue Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."Cimabue." Cimabue. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."Cimabue (Italian Painter)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013"Giotto." Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."Giotto Di Bondone." Artble: The Home of Passionate Art Lovers. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013."Giotto Di Bondone." WebMuseum:. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.Hooker, Denise. History of Western Art. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1994. Print.Janson, H. W., and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001. Print"~ Medieval Art History ~." Medieval History, Castles. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. (1000-1900)." Web Gallery of Art, Image Collection, Virtual Museum, Searchable Database of European Fine Arts (1000-1900). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013

Stigmata of St. Francis By Giotto around 1295-1300 and housed in Musée du Louvre of Paris, France.

Virgin Child Enthroned with Two Angles By Cimabue in 1280= Mary with two angles on each side

Sources

Scrovegni Chaplelocated in Padua, Veneto, Italy and contains a fresco cycle by Giotto, dated 1305

Madonna EnthronedBy Giotto and Cimabue and is housed in Uffizi Gallery of Florence- dated around 1310


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