Medicine in Medieval Europe

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by minnimouse132
Last updated 6 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History
Grade:
8

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Medicine in Medieval Europe

HygieneIn Medieval Europe, peasants only took baths only twice in a year. In their clothes and hair fleas and lice lived and reproduced. They would spread from one person to another. In Medieval Europe people believed that disease was spread by bad odors. Back then people didn’t know that poor hygiene was the cause of the spread of disease. Water in Middle ages was easy to find but getting it to people’s homes was not easy. People in villages had to use buckets . Their waste would be emptied into the streams. People usually drank spring water because it was less likely to cause disease than river water or still water. Water was also believed to be bad for the digestion, as they believed that it would chill the stomach and interfere with digestion of food. Although, only some monasteries realised the importance of the importance of have clean water to drink and built lavatories for the monks and running water to carry the waste.

HealthIn Medieval Europe health was inadequate, because didn’t have the foods needed to survive such as fruit and vegetables. As a result people suffered from diseases such as Leprosy and the Black Death. Leprosy was caused by respiratory droplets. It is a chronic bacterial infection of the skin and superficial nerves. Since they didn’t have healthy food to eat their immune systems couldn’t fight the viruses off.They also didn’t know about the human body and how it worked and there was always a member of church in hospitals who supervised access to bodies. According to Catholic Church then human body was sacred and could not be cut for any reasons. But the Black Death was worse. It killed more people than Leprosy did. The Black Death was caused by rats passing on infections to humans.This disease caused people to have red ring shaped marks with dark center spots on their arms and necks. The Black Death was very common in Medieval Europe.

Health and Hygiene/Medicine in Medieval Europe

MedicinesMedicine advanced very little in Medieval Europe. People didn’t know much about medicines, so most people who went into surgery died, usually because doctors would have had their own ideas as to what caused illnesses. Infact, medieval doctors were so superstitious, it was often the case that sick people they treated got worse. They didn’t have many ways to cure sick people and the cures doctors used on people didn’t work very well. There was two types of doctors in Medieval Europe: physicians, who treated problems inside the body, and there were surgeons, who dealt with wounds and fractures.


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