[2015] Group C 1B (AP Bio 1B): Medical Applications

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[2015] Group C 1B (AP Bio 1B): Medical Applications



BY:Christina H.Cameron W.Maria C.

Biotechnology is the manipulation of organisms or their components to make useful products that could potentially benefit others. By manipulating DNA using biotechnological practices, scientists are able to research genes and their relationships to particular diseases. They are also able to diagnose, treat, and prevent genetic diseases. Some examples are pharmaceutical practices that use biotechnology to advance the development of useful drugs to treat specific diseases.

3) It helps to the development of drugs and pharmeceutical pruducts that can treat and cure diseases.4) It allows scientists to produce proteins that people need because of their disease. For example, diabetic people need insulin in order to control their disease.

1) We can identify human genes whose mutation plays a role in genetic diseases. We can treat or even prevent this condtions. (DIAGNOSTIC OF DISEASES)2) We can introduce genes into an individual for therapeutic purposes. This can be used to treat diseases.


Medical scientists can now diagnose human genetic disorders by using PCR with primers that target the genes associated with diseases. For some genetic disorders, medical scientists can detect abnormal diseases causing alleles by testing for genetic markers that are linked to the alleles. Another technique used in biotechnological practices is gene therapy (inserting genes into an individual)

- Our group thinks that it was very interesting because they are so many typs of medical appications. We support it because with them we can discover ways to cure so many diseases and free people of them. there are so many types of diseases and so many people that suffer them so, with the medical applications we can study, diagnose, treat and cure a lot of them




1) People can diagnose hundreds of human genetic disorders by using PCR with primers that target the genes associated with these disorders. The amplified DNA product is then sequenced to reveal the presence or absence of the disease causing mutation.2) Introducing genes into an afflicted individual for threapetic purposes, holds great potential for treating disorders taceable to a single defective gene.


3) There is also the possibility of unwanted contamination in any human blood-derived products4)Sometimes a defective gene codes for a protein that starts doing something it shouldn't or prevents another protein from doing its job.

1) Pharming for farmaceuticals can potentially cause suffering and harm to the animals involved2) There is a chance that the transgene DNA, when microinjected into the fertilized egg, may insert itself into the genome in a way that disrupts the animal's normal gene function. If this happens, it can lead to birth defects, poor brain development, cancer, arthritis, diabetes, or other health problems.




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