Mayan Calendar

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by jooeiii
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
5,6,7,8,9

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Mayan Calendar

Mayan Calendar

What is the Mayan Calendar? The Mayan calendar is most well-developed calendar in Mesoamerica. Calendar was not invented by the Mayan civilizations but the Mayan civilizations developed calendar further. The Mayan calendar consisted of 3 different calendars, the Long Count (astronomical calendar), the Haab (solar calendar), the Tzolkin (ritual calendar).

Importance of the Mayan Calendar The Mayan civilizations influenced greatly in advancment of math, time and cycle in central America. As the Mayan civilizations developed their calendar, they had closer attention to astronomy, which naturally led to interest in cycles. Their interest in cycle helped the Mayan civilizations' agricultural life. As the Mayan observed and developed both calendar, they were able to determine the times and based their calendar on 365 days which is still remained in modern calendar. Their determination of times soon became basic functions of agriculture and the celebration of religious events. Based on their calendar, they had religious celebration, and cycles of agricultural activity. Before the Mayan calendar invented, people had problem to cultivated crops effectively. In the agriculture activity, time is most significant thing. When to seed plants, when does rain come, when to cultivate crops, those timing made effective agricultural production. However, as there were no accurate calendar, people had no sense of time. After the Mayan calendar helped agriculture, people could plan to cultivating plants which made possible to fed their civilizations. To modern scholars, who study the Mayan civilizations, the Mayan calendar is significant evidence that they had a very complete civilization. According to the Mayan calendar, they understood the concept of time which means they understood not just present time but also the past and future. This shows the fact that the Mayan civilization based their life in time periods and intervals.

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S.P.I.C.E.Economic The Mayan calendar used to observed the seasons and cycles. As the Mayan civilizations used the Mayan calendar, they could developed agriculture to determine when to plant the plants. As the result, they could increase agriculture productivity in their lands. The Tzolk of the Mayan calendar related to the movements of the Sun and growing cycle of corn. They also got success in terrace farming that produced cotton and maize that helped to developed wealthy and bustling city with large populations. Cultural & Political The Mayan calendar was constructed by the Maya priests, which means that the Mayan calendar had huge impact on Mayan religion. The Mayan civilizations had several ritual ceremonies and most of those ceremonies followed by the Mayan calendar. The Maya farmers conducted offerings and ceremonies every year by following a 365-day Haab cycle of the Mayan Calendar. As the Mayan calendar was constructed by the priests, the Maya calendar also represented the authority. In the Maya society, management of the Mayan calendar lends authority to priesthood.

The Haab The Haab is a solar calendar which is divided into 18 months of 20 days each and one month (5days only). The calendar has an outer ring of Mayan glyphs (pictures) which represent each of the 19 months.

The TzolkinThe Tzolkin, which means "the distribution of the days", is the divine calendar is also known as the Sacred Round. It is a 260-day calendar, with 20 periods of 13 days used to determine the time of religious and ceremonial events.

The Long CountThe Long Count is an astronomical calendar which was used to track longer periods of time, what the Maya called the “universal cycle”. Each such cycle is calculated to be 2,880,000 days (about 7885 solar years).


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